The findings presented in this report are based primarily on data from two surveys of WtW participants. The first was conducted at the time of enrollment in WtW. Participants completed a two-page background information form at their WtW service provider under the supervision of provider staff. The second survey was conducted as soon as possible after the first anniversary of enrollment in WtW. MPR survey staff conducted the approximately 35-minute interviews either by telephone or in-person using computer-assisted methodologies.(9) This report also includes findings on the employment and earnings of participants during the year prior to WtW enrollment that are based on Unemployment Insurance data from state administrative files. A forthcoming report will include more extensive findings based on state administrative data for Unemployment Insurance, TANF, and other programs.
The data that are the basis for the findings presented in this report were gathered in 11 sites where WtW services were provided under the auspices of ten WtW grantees. Each of the grantees was either the direct recipient of a WtW competitive grant or was a Workforce Investment Board that was participating in the state's formula grant as a subgrantee.(10) One of the grantees, Johns Hopkins University, was responsible for WtW services in two of the study sites. Exhibit I.1 identifies the study sites and the associated grantees.(11) The sites are not strictly representative of the universe of all sites where WtW-funded services were provided; rather, they were purposefully selected to achieve diversity in terms of grantee type, urban versus rural location, local economic conditions, and several other factors as enumerated in the report on this evaluation's implementation study (Nightingale et al. 2002).(12)