The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. How Were WtW Enrollees Faring One Year after Entering the Program?


As noted in the preceding chapter, employment rates for WtW enrollees in 9 of the 11 study sites were much higher one year after entering the program than at the time of entry. Nevertheless, fewer than half of enrollees were employed in eight of the sites. Fringe benefits were available to only a fraction of those who were employed, and for many the rate of pay was too low to have allowed them to escape poverty even if they had been working full time. Consequently, many enrollees needed assistance to make ends meet. Even with that assistance most remained in poverty, though relatively few experienced high levels of material distress.

This chapter presents a broad range of measures of the well-being of WtW enrollees and their families one year after they entered WtW. Much of the variation in the values of these measures across the 11 study sites can be attributed to differences among the enrollees at the time of entry.(56)This chapter simply describes how enrollees and their families were faring one year after program entry; it does not present estimates of the impacts of the WtW programs on their well-being. For reasons that were given in Section I.C, this evaluation did not attempt to estimate the impacts of the WtW programs that were studied.

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