The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Exhibit B.9 Principal Barrier to Employment for Welfare-to-Work Enrollees Who Were Not Employed One Year after Program Entry (Percentages)

02/01/2004

Exhibit B.9
Principal Barrier to Employment for Welfare-to-Work Enrollees
Who Were Not Employed One Year after Program Entry

(Percentages)
В Baltimore Co. Boston Chicago Ft. Worth Milwaukee Nashville Philadelphia Phoenix St. Lucie Co., FL West Virginia Yakima, WA
Children
В В В MaternityВ leaveВ orВ pregnancy 4.7 8.1 7.5 7.3 0.0 7.6 9.6 13.3 20.2 3.9 4.3
В В В Child care problem or can'tВ afford child care 6.5 11.4 6.8 13.2 4.2 9.0 5.0 10.7 2.2 6.1 1.3
В В В Child's health problem 0.0 3.5 3.0 3.5 0.0 4.9 4.4 6.3 0.0 0.8 1.9
В В В Wants to stay home with children 2.7 2.6 1.6 2.5 0.0 0.7 0.9 5.4 4.4 3.2 3.2
В В В Other child-related problem 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.6 1.4 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
Labor Market
В В В Difficulty finding a job 25.5 29.0 36.0 17.9 47.2 23.0 30.6 13.9 10.7 26.5 26.6
В В В Just got laid off or fired; hasn't found job yet 4.4 3.8 7.5 3.1 6.6 3.1 6.4 2.6 15.1 0.9 11.9
В В В Just moved; hasn't found job yet 0.0 0.8 1.6 0.5 1.6 0.6 1.5 0.6 4.4 3.1 2.0
В В В Just finished school/military; hasn't found job 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.4 0.7 1.9 0.0 0.0
Health
В В В Own health problem or disability 22.2 15.3 12.3 16.9 7.0 16.5 15.5 17.9 6.3 24.2 14.6
В В В Relative's health problem or disability 0.0 0.3 1.5 1.0 1.2 2.9 0.5 0.7 0.0 4.5 0.7
Skills
В В В In school or training 7.9 7.1 4.3 5.7 5.3 16.1 4.5 1.3 4.5 2.5 5.3
В В В Lack of skills or education 7.6 4.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.5 1.9 2.7 7.7
Other
В В В Transportation problem 5.5 0.0 2.4 13.3 2.8 2.5 0.6 3.8 6.8 15.0 6.8
В В В Arrested or other legal problem 4.6 1.0 0.9 1.2 9.8 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.9 0.0 4.5
В В В Other 8.5 11.4 10.9 10.2 11.2 7.2 13.9 16.0 19.6 6.6 9.1
Sample Size 28 336 939 538 77 316 669 145 41 114 148
Source: 2000-03 12-month follow-up survey of Welfare-to-Work enrollees.
Note: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all WtW enrollees in the respective sites. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum tp something other than 100.

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