The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Exhibit B.7 Employment of Welfare-to-Work Enrollees During the Year after Program Entry (Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)

02/01/2004

Exhibit B.7
Employment of Welfare-to-Work Enrollees During the Year after Program Entry

(Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)
Employment Measure Baltimore Co. Boston Chicago Ft. Worth Milwaukee Nashville Philadelphia Phoenix St. Lucie Co., FL West Virginia Yakima, WA
Proportion of Year Employed
000 .049 10.6 37.5 38.1 37.0 29.7 34.0 28.7 35.4 3.5 24.4 21.2
.050 .249 4.5 11.3 10.5 13.2 16.1 12.3 16.9 12.9 8.1 14.5 14.0
.250 .499 11.4 13.5 15.2 13.1 16.9 15.7 21.4 17.5 13.7 15.8 14.9
.500 .749 11.8 13.4 12.5 13.2 7.9 11.7 15.9 14.7 16.2 21.3 16.0
.750 .949 9.4 12.6 12.6 10.3 10.7 10.7 9.3 14.2 19.7 12.4 15.5
.950 1.000 52.4 11.7 11.1 13.1 18.7 15.5 7.9 5.2 38.7 11.7 18.5
Mean Proportion of Year Employed
В В В All enrollees 0.724 0.379 0.368 0.369 0.411 0.400 0.362 0.351 0.716 0.436 0.488
В В В If emp. sometime during year 0.798 0.587 0.573 0.565 0.576 0.580 0.494 0.525 0.737 0.553 0.610
Number of Employment Spells
В В В 0 9.1 34.9 35.6 34.4 28.3 30.3 26.2 32.8 2.9 20.5 19.9
В В В 1 66.1 52.1 51.0 42.7 50.6 48.3 51.2 46.6 69.1 54.8 50.1
В В В 2 22.5 11.4 11.8 18.8 17.5 18.7 17.3 16.2 24.1 16.7 22.1
В В В 3 or more 2.2 1.6 1.6 4.1 3.6 2.7 5.3 4.5 4.0 8.0 7.9
Number of Spells w/o Employment
В В В 0 47.9 9.1 7.0 9.7 15.2 12.7 5.4 2.7 28.1 6.7 14.8
В В В 1 29.9 67.8 66.8 61.4 56.0 57.8 56.1 57.4 45.8 58.5 49.8
В В В 2 15.6 20.0 22.5 20.3 22.7 24.1 31.3 30.9 20.3 24.4 24.7
В В В 3 or more 6.6 3.1 3.7 8.6 6.2 5.4 7.2 9.0 5.9 10.4 10.7
Duration Until First Job (if employed after enrollment)
В В В 1 month or less 8.8 14.2 22.1 18.6 16.7 14.7 23.8 26.8 37.1 17.9 26.4
В В В 2 3 months 11.8 27.4 23.2 20.7 17.8 27.6 22.3 31.2 17.1 23.6 23.1
В В В 4 1 51.9 26.7 24.1 23.5 18.6 29.3 24.2 18.6 20.9 27.3 18.0
В В В 7 0 21.5 29.5 26.4 30.2 42.0 24.4 27.2 20.2 22.2 23.6 27.2
В В В MoreВ thanВ 12В months 6.0 2.3 4.2 7.0 4.9 4.0 2.6 3.2 2.7 7.7 5.3
В В В Mean duration (months)a 4.9 4.7 4.5 5.2 5.8 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.0 5.1 4.3
Sample Size 100 607 1,594 873 195 559 1,110 221 146 269 293
Source: 2000-03 12-month follow-up survey of Welfare-to-Work enrollees.
Note 1: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all WtW enrolleess in the respective sites. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum to something other than 100.
Note 2: Survey interviews were conducted as soon as possible following the one-year anniversary of enrollment in WtW. Some were conducted several months after the anniversary, resulting in a reference period that is longer than 12 months for those sample members. The distribution of the timing of interviews is presented in Appendix A.
a The mean duration until the first job was calculated only for sample members who obtained employment after enrolling in WtW. Those who were employed at enrollment or who were never employed after enrollment were excluded from this calculation.

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