The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Exhibit B.23 Household Income, Poverty Status, and Material Distress of Welfare-to-Work Enrollees,by Employment Status, One Year after Program Entry

02/01/2004

Exhibit B.23
Household Income, Poverty Status, and Material Distress of Welfare-to-Work Enrollees,
by Employment Status, One Year after Program Entry
В Baltimore Co. Boston Chicago Ft. Worth Milwaukee Nashville Philadelphia Phoenix St. Lucie Co., FL West Virginia Yakima, WA
Monthly Household Income ($)
Employed 1,754 1,469 1,451 1,717 2,206 1,382 1,385 1,570 1,453 1,316 1,799
Not employed 1,215 924 1,102 1,034 1,059 789 1,001 1,086 1,230 1,016 1,273
Difference in income by employment status is statistically significant ** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** В *** ***
Household Income < Poverty Threshold (%)
Employed 41.7 53.8 78.3 61.4 50.4 63.9 78.3 68.3 58.1 83.3 54.0
Not employed 70.1 89.9 91.0 88.7 73.8 94.3 92.8 88.1 72.1 87.7 84.0
Dif. in poverty rate by employment status is statistically significant ** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** В В ***
Index of Material Distress (mean)a
Employed 0.20 0.22 0.23 0.33 0.25 0.25 0.23 0.34 0.28 0.21 0.25
Not employed 0.39 0.26 0.27 0.31 0.27 0.26 0.24 0.32 0.27 0.25 0.36
Difference in index by employment status is statistically significant ** * *** В В В В В В В ***
Sample Size 100 607 1,594 873 195 559 1,110 221 146 269 293
Source: 2000-03 12-month follow-up survey of Welfare-to-Work enrollees.
Note 1: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all WtW enrollees in the respective sites. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown.
Note 2: The income amounts reported in the top third of this table include the value of food stamps received. However, food stamps were excluded from income for the purpose of determining poverty status, as reported in the middle third of this table. The latter is consistent with the standard methodology for determining poverty status.
a The five components of the index of material distress are identified in Exhibit B.22.
*/**/*** Difference between employed and not employed enrollees is statistically significant at the .10/.05/.01 level.

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