The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Exhibit B.22 Hardships Experienced by WtW Enrollees and Their Households During the Year after Program Entry (Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)

02/01/2004

Exhibit B.22
Hardships Experienced by WtW Enrollees and Their Households
During the Year after Program Entry

(Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)
В Baltimore Co. Boston Chicago Ft. Worth Milwaukee Nashville Philadelphia Phoenix St. Lucie Co. FL West Virginia Yakima, WA
Material Distress
Could not pay full rent or mortgage 38.9 34.8 37.0 41.3 39.3 33.1 34.1 43.8 47.9 29.1 38.6
Evicted from home or apartment 6.1 5.3 6.5 12.2 10.1 6.3 6.3 17.2 7.5 6.5 11.3
Could not pay full gas/oil/electricity bill 45.4 36.0 38.0 46.1 33.7 35.0 37.1 48.2 31.3 43.3 46.2
Gas/oil/electricity turned off by utility 13.5 12.9 15.7 19.2 15.3 18.3 10.6 18.3 18.1 13.2 20.6
Telephone disconnected by tel. company 22.5 34.5 28.5 40.8 34.1 34.2 30.3 33.5 32.9 23.6 36.8
Index of material distress (mean)a 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.32 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.32 0.28 0.23 0.31
Health-Related Distress
HH member needed to see dentist but did not 34.1 14.7 18.4 45.3 32.3 35.1 12.4 39.7 47.6 37.9 36.1
HH member needed to see doctor but did not 22.1 5.9 6.8 14.6 12.7 7.6 5.0 12.8 9.8 15.9 9.2
Adult in HH cut size of meal or skipped meal 30.0 22.4 15.1 24.2 20.7 18.2 18.0 27.8 19.0 16.8 30.9
Index of health-related distress (mean)a 0.29 0.14 0.13 0.28 0.22 0.20 0.12 0.27 0.25 0.23 0.25
Homelessness
Has lived in emergency or long-term shelter 2.4 14.9 5.4 5.6 4.9 2.5 6.3 11.5 1.8 1.4 5.0
Has lived on the streets 4.4 7.1 6.2 6.2 16.8 4.9 4.4 12.2 1.3 2.0 7.3
Has either lived in shelter or on the streets 5.5 17.9 9.3 10.0 17.2 6.2 9.1 19.2 3.1 3.0 10.6
Number of Times Changed Living Place
0 times 68.7 64.6 61.1 50.6 40.4 63.2 68.4 41.3 52.9 51.4 47.2
1 times 19.4 21.1 23.8 26.6 24.2 24.0 20.3 27.5 26.8 24.9 25.3
2 times 6.2 6.6 9.5 11.8 18.1 7.5 7.0 12.0 10.5 14.9 11.8
3 times or more 5.7 7.7 5.6 11.0 17.3 5.3 4.3 19.2 9.9 8.8 15.7
Sample Size 100 607 1,594 873 195 559 1,110 221 146 269 293
Source: 2000-03 12-month follow-up survey of Welfare-to-Work enrollees.
Note: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all WtW enrollees in the respective sites. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum
a The index value for a survey respondent is the proportion of the total number of types of distress that were actually experienced (0 to 1 scale).

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