The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Exhibit B.15 Reliance on Support Networks by Welfare-to-work Enrollees During the Year after Program Entry (Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)

02/01/2004

Exhibit B.15
Reliance on Support Networks by Welfare-to-work Enrollees
During the Year After Program Entry

(Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)
В Baltimore Co. Boston Chicago Ft. Worth Milwaukee Nashville Philadelphia Phoenix St. Lucie Co., FL West Virginia Yakima, WA
Private Support (parents, relatives, friends, etc.)
Transportation 54.2 52.8 49.8 60.6 59.6 64.2 43.3 57.1 67.3 51.6 58.0
Use of a telephone 28.0 41.8 51.6 54.4 58.0 45.7 39.1 53.8 50.5 51.8 49.5
Place to stay 19.5 32.9 35.5 39.5 55.5 24.9 28.0 42.1 30.2 33.3 34.2
Groceries or meals 29.3 37.3 34.8 39.5 51.8 35.7 31.4 38.5 42.9 26.2 39.6
Children's things (clothes, toys, diapers, etc.) 29.6 34.1 32.2 40.5 33.9 36.3 26.3 35.7 39.9 27.4 31.1
Gifts or loans of money 32.5 31.6 29.6 26.6 43.0 30.3 26.2 26.3 38.0 22.2 28.6
Any private support (any of the above) 69.6 72.3 71.7 80.5 81.7 77.0 64.7 77.9 82.2 74.9 74.4
Index of private support (mean)a 0.32 0.38 0.39 0.44 0.50 0.40 0.32 0.42 0.45 0.35 0.40
Community Support
Food pantry or soup kitchen 24.0 29.9 19.6 30.6 18.4 21.2 10.8 19.5 16.5 31.6 31.9
Crisis hotline or walk-in center 8.6 11.4 5.9 11.2 7.9 6.5 9.4 7.4 7.9 6.0 4.4
Thrift shop, Goodwill Ind., or similar groups 20.2 15.5 14.0 21.7 13.7 15.2 12.1 18.2 22.9 25.8 23.4
Church (money, food, or other assistance) 23.5 15.6 13.9 30.6 15.8 24.1 11.4 29.0 13.4 21.2 15.6
Any community support (any of the above) 35.7 36.7 28.4 45.9 23.6 37.9 23.6 43.3 35.0 48.4 44.4
Index of community support (mean)a 0.19 0.18 0.13 0.23 0.14 0.17 0.11 0.18 0.15 0.21 0.19
Sample Size 100 607 1,594 873 195 559 1,110 221 146 269 293
Source: 2000-03 12-month follow-up survey of Welfare-to-Work enrollees.
Note: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all WtW enrollees in the respective sites. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum
a The index value for a survey respondent is the proportion of the total number of types of support that were actually received (0 to 1 scale).

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