The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Exhibit B.14 Comparison of the Initial Job and the Most Recent Job Held by Welfare-to-Work Enrollees During the Year after Program Entry: Hours of Work and Remuneration (Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)

02/01/2004

Exhibit B.14
Comparison of the Initial Job and the Most Recent Job Held by Welfare-to-Work Enrollees
During the Year after Program Entry: Hours of Work and Remuneration

(Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)
В Baltimore Co. Boston Chicago Ft. Worth Milwaukee Nashville
Job Characteristic First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig.
Hours Worked per Week
Less than 20 hours 2.9 2.4 В 7.9 6.3 В 11.0 10.1 В 5.1 8.9 В 0.0 0.0 В 8.1 8.6 В
20 to 29 hours 5.0 8.4 В 19.7 21.2 В 14.2 17.3 В 15.4 14.2 В 3.6 8.0 В 35.1 18.9 ***
30 hours or more 92.1 89.2 В 72.4 72.6 В 74.7 72.6 В 79.6 76.9 В 96.4 92.0 В 56.9 72.5 ***
Mean hours per week 36.6 37.3 В 34.0 33.5 В 32.6 32.7 В 35.4 34.2 В 41.2 38.7 В 30.0 33.6 ***
Hourly Wage
Less than $5.15 (min. wage) 3.6 5.8 В 4.2 1.0 В 4.4 10.7 *** 4.7 9.3 * 1.9 10.9 * 6.1 7.5 В
$5.15 to $7.99 44.9 37.1 В 28.6 24.7 В 68.2 55.1 *** 54.2 57.2 В 46.5 42.5 В 70.2 61.5 В
$8.00 to $9.99 29.9 20.0 В 28.4 29.3 В 17.3 20.4 В 28.4 22.0 * 35.8 32.1 В 15.5 24.9 **
$10.00 or more 21.6 37.1 В 38.8 45.1 В 10.1 13.9 В 12.8 11.5 В 15.8 14.5 В 8.3 6.1 В
Mean wage (dollars) $8.32 $8.39 В $9.19 $9.39 В $7.14 $7.41 В $7.69 $7.25 В $8.11 $7.46 ** $7.02 $7.13 В
Insurance Benefits on Job
Participates in health ins. plan 13.0 30.7 В 9.6 6.7 В 8.8 11.3 В 11.2 15.8 В 15.3 15.4 В 12.1 10.4 В
Participates in dental ins. plan 10.1 22.8 В 8.4 6.8 В 6.5 8.7 В 11.3 11.7 В 12.3 16.1 В 10.5 8.0 В
Other Benefits on Job
Paid sick leave available 31.9 51.7 В 29.4 38.8 В 22.4 29.6 * 29.2 37.1 В 30.2 25.2 В 23.1 32.7 В
Paid vacation leave available 39.9 46.2 В 41.6 43.0 В 25.9 36.6 *** 34.2 43.4 * 31.2 32.3 В 29.5 35.6 В
Paid holidays available 45.8 51.6 В 45.1 49.8 В 29.2 41.7 *** 41.7 45.4 В 37.5 37.7 В 29.9 38.5 В
Pension plan available 27.3 39.0 В 27.0 42.2 В 19.8 19.9 В 30.6 29.9 В 23.5 25.5 В 24.6 28.2 В
Sample Size 31 31 В 94 94 В 243 243 В 200 200 В 49 49 В 135 135

Exhibit B.14 (continued)

  Philadelphia Phoenix St. Lucie Co., FL West Virginia Yakima, WA
Job Characteristic First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig. First Most Recent Sig.
Hours Worked per Week
Less than 20 hours 4.0 3.9   3.4 3.8   3.3 0.0 *** 5.0 9.0   4.2 8.9  
20 to 29 hours 44.2 31.9 *** 15.9 18.0   13.2 17.8   19.9 13.5   43.1 24.4 ***
30 hours or more 51.9 64.1 *** 80.7 78.3   83.4 82.2   75.1 77.5   52.7 66.7 **
Mean hours per week 29.6 31.6 *** 36.1 35.4   35.0 34.8   32.8 33.8   30.9 31.3  
Hourly Wage
Less than $5.15 (min. wage) 8.6 7.3   7.7 7.5   1.7 7.0   43.2 26.2 *** 2.4 7.7 **
$5.15 to $7.99 73.8 60.0 *** 52.4 45.9   72.1 58.1   54.1 62.2   80.3 63.9 ***
$8.00 to $9.99 13.4 24.0 *** 33.2 33.5   24.5 27.4   0.0 5.7 *** 10.1 17.7 *
$10.00 or more 4.2 8.7 ** 6.7 13.2   1.7 7.5 *** 2.7 5.9   7.2 10.8  
Mean wage (dollars) $6.28 $7.09 *** $7.14 $7.59   $6.76 $7.08   $4.34 $5.57 *** $7.27 $7.62 *
Insurance Benefits on Job
Participates in health ins. plan 3.5 8.6 *** 5.6 9.2   11.7 16.7   6.8 11.8   3.1 12.1 **
Participates in dental ins. plan 2.0 7.2 *** 9.2 9.5   4.8 8.6   7.0 8.3   0.0 6.2 ***
Other Benefits on Job
Paid sick leave available 11.2 25.0 *** 35.7 31.8   36.2 38.7   16.2 24.3   27.5 30.4  
Paid vacation leave available 13.3 28.9 *** 39.5 41.9   42.0 48.9   16.6 25.2 * 14.4 25.6 **
Paid holidays available 16.9 34.3 *** 42.4 41.8   41.4 44.2   15.1 26.3 ** 36.6 34.1  
Pension plan available 7.6 21.0 *** 41.0 38.3   32.0 27.0   11.3 20.4 *** 6.8 17.7 **
Sample Size 331 331   54 54   54 54   88 88   104 104  
Source: 2000-03 12-month follow-up survey Welfare-to-Work enrollees.
Note 1: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all WtW enrollees in the respective sites. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum to something other than 100.
Note 2: The statistics presented in this table pertain to WtW enrollees who left the first job that they held on or following enrollment in WtW and who subsequently obtained another job. If there were multiple first jobs or multiple most recent jobs, then the principal job  the job with the most hours worked in a typical week  was selected. In the event of a tie on hours worked, several additional criteria were applied in sequence.
*/**/*** Difference between the first job and the most recent job is statistically significant at the .10/.05/.01 level.

 

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