The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Exhibit B.12 Hours of Work and Remuneration on the Principal Job Held by Welfare-to-Work Enrollees One Year after Program Entry (Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)

02/01/2004

Exhibit B.12
Hours of Work and Remuneration on the Principal Job Held by Welfare-to-Work Enrollees
One Year after Program Entry
(Percentages, Unless Otherwise Indicated)
Job Characteristic Baltimore Co. Boston Chicago Ft. Worth Milwaukee Nashville Philadelphia Phoenix St. Lucie Co., FL West Virginia Yakima, WA
Hours Worked per Week
Less than 20 hours 7.5 9.0 7.1 9.5 3.5 9.4 4.4 4.5 5.1 8.5 8.5
20 to 29 hours 4.0 16.3 18.7 13.8 14.4 20.8 26.2 5.6 7.8 16.2 23.8
30 hours or more 88.5 74.7 74.2 76.7 82.2 69.8 69.5 89.9 87.2 75.3 67.7
MeanВ hoursВ perВ week 35.9 33.5 33.6 34.5 36.7 32.3 33.3 36.9 34.6 34.1 32.4
Hourly Wage
Less than $5.15 (min.В wage) 6.3 2.8 9.6 5.5 13.4 6.4 8.5 8.6 11.2 19.3 7.4
$5.15 to $7.99 30.6 14.6 53.1 50.2 45.9 52.2 54.6 38.3 57.0 70.9 59.8
$8.00 to $9.99 28.4 29.7 23.0 24.9 24.5 32.1 23.8 36.2 24.4 4.9 18.0
$10.00 or more 34.7 53.0 14.3 19.4 16.2 9.3 13.1 17.0 7.5 5.0 14.8
Mean wage (dollars) $9.08 $9.82 $7.58 $8.01 $7.44 $7.58 $7.36 $7.83 $7.08 $5.75 $7.90
Insurance Benefits on Job
Participates in health ins. plan 42.0 17.4 11.4 22.1 25.7 18.1 12.7 18.8 18.2 11.8 18.0
Participates in dental ins. plan 35.3 13.3 10.7 21.4 17.9 16.3 12.1 11.2 14.3 11.1 11.8
Other Benefits on Job
Paid sick leave available 62.6 53.7 30.6 41.6 32.3 40.4 32.1 41.7 46.0 24.6 37.8
Paid vacation leave available 67.9 59.7 42.3 53.8 47.5 48.4 38.8 54.6 58.1 34.3 35.3
Paid holidays available 71.5 61.0 47.5 54.4 47.9 48.0 44.3 57.9 54.2 37.1 43.5
Pension plan available 46.7 53.8 24.1 36.9 27.8 37.0 28.0 40.8 38.7 24.3 24.4
Mean Round-Trip Commuting
Time (minutes) 56.6 75.8 99.9 41.7 59.5 45.1 80.8 75.0 36.7 50.0 35.6
Sample Size 72 262 626 328 85 235 420 72 104 151 141
Source: 2000-03 12-month follow-up survey of Welfare-to-Work enrollees.
Note 1: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all WtW enrollees in the respective sites. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum to something other than 100.
Note 2: The statistics presented in this table pertain to the principal job held at the time of the survey interview. If there were multiple jobs at that time, then the principal job was identified as the job on which the most hours were worked in a typical week and, in the event of a tie on hours worked, the job with the earliest starting date.

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