The Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Enrollee Outcomes One Year After Program Entry. Did Employed Enrollees Have Higher Incomes?


Enrollees who were employed one year after entering WtW typically had much higher total household incomes and were less likely to be living in poverty than those who were not employed. Nevertheless, the two groups experienced similar levels of material distress in most of the study sites.

Employed enrollees in all but the St. Lucie County site enjoyed significantly higher mean incomes than those who were not employed (Appendix Exhibit B.23). The average income differential associated with employment exceeded $500 per month in six of the sites. Given these differences in income, it is not surprising that household poverty rates were significantly lower for employed enrollees in all of the sites except St. Lucie County and West Virginia, as shown in Exhibit V.8. But the link between poverty and material distress again proved to be weak  in most of the sites where employed enrollees had significantly lower rates of poverty they did not have correspondingly lower mean values of the index of material distress.(66)

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