Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Thirteenth Report to Congress. Table TANF 7. Characteristics of AFDC/TANF Families: Selected Years 1969 – 2011

03/01/2014

  May 1969 March 1979 Fiscal year 1
1983 1988 1992 1996 2000 2005 2010 2011
Avg. Family Size (persons) 4.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4
Number of Child Recipients
    One 26.6 42.3 43.4 42.5 42.5 43.9 44.2 49.2 50.4 50.7
    Two 23.0 28.1 29.8 30.2 30.2 29.9 28.4 27.2 27.6 27.4
    Three 17.7 15.6 15.2 15.8 15.5 15.0 15.3 13.6 12.8 12.8
    Four or More 32.5 13.9 10.1 9.9 10.1 9.2 10.1 8.0 7.4 7.7
    Unknown NA NA 1.5 1.7 0.7 1.3 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Families with No Adult in Asst. Unit 10.1 14.6 8.3 9.6 14.8 21.5 34.4 45.5 46.3 46.3
    Child-Only Families 2 32.7 42.6 44.0 43.2
Families with Non-Recipients 33.1 NA 36.9 36.8 38.9 49.9
Median Months on AFDC/TANF
    Since Most Recent Opening 23.0 29.0 26.0 26.3 22.5 23.6
Presence of Assistance
    Living in Public Housing 12.8 NA 10.0 9.6 9.2 8.8 17.7 18.4 13.1 11.9
    Participating in Food Stamp or Donated Food Program 52.9 75.1 83.0 84.6 87.3 89.3 79.9 81.5 82.4 82.6
Presence of Income
    With Earnings NA 12.8 5.7 8.4 7.4 11.1 23.6 3 19.5 3 20.5 3 19.8 3
    No Non-AFDC/TANF Income 56.0 80.6 86.8 79.6 78.9 76.0 71.6 3 75.3 3 75.1 3 76.1 3
Adult Employment Status (percent of adults)
    Employed 6.6 11.3 26.4 23.2 22.3 22.3
    Unemployed 49.2 50.4 46.8 47.8
    Not in Labor Force 24.3 26.4 30.9 29.9
Adult Women's employment status (percent of adult female recipients):4
    Full-time job 8.2 8.7 1.5 2.2 2.2 4.7
    Part-time job 6.3 5.4 3.4 4.2 4.2 5.4
Marital Status (percent of adults)
    Single 65.3 68.8 70.0 71.4
    Married 12.4 10.7 14.4 14.1
    Separated 13.1 11.8 9.6 8.8
    Widowed 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4
    Divorced 8.5 8.1 5.5 5.2
Basis for Child's Eligibility (percent children):
    Incapacitated 11.7 5 5.3 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.3
    Unemployed 4.6 5 4.1 8.7 6.5 8.2 8.3
    Death 5.5 5 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6
    Divorce or Separation 43.3 5 44.7 38.5 34.6 30.0 24.3
    Absent, No Marriage Tie 27.9 5 37.8 44.3 51.9 53.1 58.6
    Absent, Other Reason 3.5 5 5.9 5.9 1.6 2.0 2.4
    Unknown 1.7 0.9 0.6

Note: Figures are percentages of families/cases unless noted otherwise.

1 Percentages are based on the average monthly TANF caseload during the year. Hawaii and the territories are not included in 1983. Data after 1986 include the territories and Hawaii. Unlike most of the figures in this report, this table does not include families from Separate State Programs (SSP).

2 Adults that live in TANF families with children are sometimes excluded from the assistance unit because they have been sanctioned, receive disability income from Supplemental Security Income (SSI), have been time-limited, do not qualify based on citizenship requirements, or are non-parental caretakers such as relatives or other adults taking responsibility for the children.

3 Presence of income is measured as a percentage of adult recipients (not families) in 1998 and subsequent years.

4 For years prior to 1983, data are for mothers only.

5 Calculated on the basis of total number of families.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance, unpublished data and Characteristics and Financial Circumstances of TANF Recipients: TANF Annual Report to Congress selected years.

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