Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Thirteenth Report to Congress. Table SNAP 6. Food Stamp/SNAP Recipiency Rates by State: Selected Fiscal Years [In percent]

03/01/2014

    Percent Change
1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 1995-00 2000-11
United States 7.6 8.4 8.0 10.0 6.1 8.7 13.0 14.3 -39 136
Alabama 9.9 14.9 11.2 12.2 8.9 12.2 16.8 19.2 -27 115
Alaska 4.0 7.1 4.5 7.5 6.0 8.3 10.7 11.9 -21 99
Arizona 6.3 7.1 8.6 10.8 5.0 9.4 15.9 16.5 -54 229
Arkansas 12.4 13.1 10.0 10.7 9.2 13.4 16.0 16.6 -14 80
California 6.8 6.3 6.5 10.0 5.4 5.6 8.7 9.7 -46 81
Colorado 5.8 5.6 6.7 6.6 3.6 5.3 8.0 8.9 -45 146
Connecticut 5.0 5.5 4.0 6.8 4.8 5.8 9.4 10.6 -29 118
Delaware  4.5  8.7  5.0  7.8  4.1  7.3  12.5  14.9  -48 193
Dist. of Columbia 17.2 16.1 10.3 16.2 14.1 15.3 19.6 21.8 -13 54
Florida 7.6 9.3 6.0 9.6 5.5 7.7 13.8 16.1 -43 193
Georgia 9.8 11.4 8.2 11.1 6.8 10.3 16.4 18.1 -39 167
Hawaii 8.4 10.6 6.9 10.4 9.7 7.2 10.1 11.6 -7 19
Idaho 4.6 6.4 5.8 6.8 4.5 6.5 12.4 14.4 -34 222
Illinois 8.2 7.9 8.8 9.6 6.6 9.2 12.8 13.9 -31 112
Indiana 7.3 6.4 5.6 8.0 4.9 8.9 12.5 13.5 -39 173
Iowa 4.0 4.8 6.1 6.4 4.2 7.0 11.2 12.2 -34 190
Kansas 2.5 3.8 5.7 7.1 4.3 6.5 9.4 10.4 -39 141
Kentucky 13.6 12.8 12.4 13.4 10.0 13.6 17.9 18.9 -26 89
Louisiana 13.1 13.5 17.2 16.2 11.2 17.7 18.2 19.3 -31 73
Maine  11.8  12.3  7.6  10.6  8.0  11.6  17.3  18.7 -25 135
Maryland 6.3 7.7 5.3 7.9 4.1 5.2 9.7 11.4 -48 177
Massachusetts 6.3 7.9 5.8 6.7 3.6 5.7 11.4 12.3 -45 238
Michigan 6.8 8.8 9.8 10.0 6.1 10.4 18.0 19.5 -40 222
Minnesota 4.2 4.2 6.0 6.6 4.0 5.1 8.1 9.5 -40 138
Mississippi 15.7 19.6 19.4 17.6 9.7 15.0 19.4 20.9 -45 116
Missouri 6.2 6.8 8.4 10.7 7.5 13.2 15.0 15.7 -29 108
Montana 5.1 5.5 7.1 8.1 6.6 8.6 11.5 12.5 -19 89
Nebraska 3.2 4.2 6.0 6.3 4.8 6.7 8.9 9.5 -24 97
Nevada 5.2 4.0 4.1 6.2 3.0 5.0 10.3 12.2 -52 306
New Hampshire 5.3 5.4 2.7 5.0 2.9 4.0 7.9 8.6 -42 194
New Jersey 6.7 8.2 4.9 6.8 4.1 4.5 7.1 8.6 -40 110
New Mexico 13.5 14.1 10.3 13.9 9.3 12.5 17.3 19.9 -33 114
New York 7.2 10.0 8.6 11.8 7.6 9.2 14.2 15.4 -36 103
North Carolina 8.4 9.9 6.3 8.4 6.0 9.2 14.1 16.5 -28 173
North Dakota 2.9 3.9 6.1 6.4 5.0 6.5 8.9 8.9 -22 79
Ohio 7.9 8.0 10.0 10.3 5.4 8.8 13.9 15.4 -48 187
Oklahoma 6.2 6.9 8.5 11.3 7.3 12.0 15.5 16.2 -35 122
Oregon 8.6 7.5 7.6 9.1 6.8 11.9 18.4 20.0 -25 192
Pennsylvania 7.1 8.3 8.0 9.6 6.3 8.4 12.4 13.5 -34 113
Rhode Island 9.2 9.1 6.4 9.2 7.1 7.1 13.2 15.2 -23 116
South Carolina 14.1 13.6 8.5 9.7 7.3 12.2 17.2 18.1 -24 146
South Dakota 4.8 6.2 7.2 6.8 5.7 7.2 11.7 12.4 -17 118
Tennessee 9.3 13.6 10.8 12.4 8.7 14.2 19.3 19.9 -30 129
Texas 9.0 8.1 11.0 13.5 6.4 10.7 14.1 15.5 -53 144
Utah 3.7 3.7 5.7 5.9 3.6 5.4 8.9 10.1 -38 176
Vermont 9.1 8.9 6.8 10.1 6.7 7.3 13.7 14.7 -33 119
Virginia 5.1 7.2 5.6 8.2 4.7 6.4 9.8 10.6 -42 124
Washington  7.0  6.0  6.9  8.7  5.0  8.1  14.2  15.5  -26  210 
West Virginia 13.1 10.7 14.6 16.9 12.6 14.4 18.4 18.7 -43 49
Wisconsin 3.2 4.6 5.8 6.2 3.6 6.2 12.6 14.0 -42 291
Wyoming 2.7 3.0 6.2 6.9 4.5 5.0 6.2 6.4 -34 40

Note: Recipiency rate refers to the average monthly number of food stamp recipients in each state during the particular fiscal year expressed as a percent of the total resident population as of July 1 of that year. The numerator is from Table FSP 5 and the denominator is the Census Bureau’s estimate of state population.

Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services, Office of Food and Nutrition Service, (2000 to 2010 data published online at http://www.fns.usda.gov/pd/15SNAPpartPP.htm and unpublished data from the National Data Bank; U.S. Census Bureau (population by state available online at http://www.census.gov).

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