|With Gross Monthly Income: (In Percent)|
|Below the Federal Poverty Levels||87||93||92||92||91||90||89||88||85||83|
| Between the Poverty Levels and 130
percent of the Poverty Levels
|Above 130 Percent of Poverty||2||1||*||*||1||1||1||2||4||5|
|With Public Assistance Income 2||§§||§§||§§||§§||61||59||56||43||31||30|
|With AFDC/TANF Income||NA||42||42||42||37||31||26||15||8||8|
|With SSI Income||18||18||20||19||24||28||32||26||21||20|
|And Female Heads of Household||NA||47||50||51||50||47||44||44||NA||NA|
|With No Spouse Present||NA||NA||39||37||43||41||38||36||NA||NA|
|With Elderly Members 3||23||22||19||18||16||18||21||17||16||16|
|Average Household Size||2.8||2.8||2.6||2.6||2.5||2.4||2.3||2.3||2.2||2.1|
1 Data were gathered in August in the years 1980-84 and during the summer in the years from 1986 to 1994. Reports from 1995 to the present are based on fiscal year averages.
2 Public assistance income includes: AFDC/TANF, SSI, and general assistance.
3 These data refer to single-parent female heads with only one adult in the household but does not include households with more than one adult, not married, that are headed by a female (such as a single mom with teenage children, one of whom is 18).
4 Elderly members and heads of household include those of age 60 or older.
§§ The total percentage of households with public assistance income is approximately equal to the sum of those with AFDC/TANF and SSI income with some small percentage of households receiving both due to having individual members eligible for different forms of assistance (in 1996 just under 6 percent of households received assistance from multiple sources).
* Less than 0.5 percent.
Sources: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Analysis, Nutrition, and Evaluation, Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Households, Fiscal Year 2011, Report No. SNAP-12-CHAR (available online at www.fns.usda.gov/system/files/2011Characteristics.pdf and earlier reports.