Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Thirteenth Report to Congress. Table SNAP 2. Trends in Food Stamp/SNAP Expenditures: Selected Years 1975–2011

03/01/2014

Fiscal Year Total Federal Cost
(Benefits + Administration)
Benefits (Federal) (millions) Administration1 Total Program Cost (millions) Average Monthly Benefit per Person
Current Dollars (millions) 2011 Dollars(millions) Federal (millions) State & Local (millions) Current Dollars 2011 Dollars2
1975 $4,619 $18,057 $4,386 $233 $175 $4,794 $21.40 $83.30
1980 9,206 24,353 8,721 486 375 9,581 34.50 91.30
1981 11,225 26,982 10,630 595 504 11,729 39.50 94.90
1982 10,837 24,378 10,208 628 557 11,394 39.20 86.80
1983 11,847 25,469 11,152 695 612 12,459 43.00 92.40
1984 4 11,579 23,908 10,696 883 805 12,384 42.70 88.20
1985 11,703 23,334 10,744 960 871 12,574 45.00 89.70
1986 11,638 22,674 10,605 1,033 935 12,573 45.50 88.60
1987 11,604 22,022 10,500 1,104 996 12,600 45.80 86.90
1988 12,317 22,535 11,149 1,168 1,080 13,397 49.80 91.10
1989 12,902 22,643 11,670 1,232 1,101 14,003 51.70 90.70
1990 15,447 25,933 14,143 1,305 1,174 16,621 58.80 98.70
1991 18,747 30,122 17,316 1,432 1,247 19,994 63.80 102.50
1992 22,462 35,225 20,906 1,557 1,375 23,837 68.60 107.60
1993 23,653 36,167 22,006 1,647 1,572 25,225 68.00 104.00
1994 24,493 36,666 22,749 1,745 1,643 26,136 69.00 103.30
1995 24,620 36,004 22,764 1,856 1,748 26,368 71.30 104.30
1996 24,331 34,706 22,440 1,891 1,842 26,173 73.20 104.40
1997 21,508 29,941 19,549 1,959 1,904 23,412 71.30 99.30
1998 18,988 26,050 16,891 2,098 1,988 20,976 71.10 97.50
1999 17,821 24,017 15,769 2,052 1,874 19,695 72.30 97.40
2000 17,054 22,281 14,983 2,071 2,086 19,140 72.60 94.90
2001 17,789 22,522 15,547 2,242 2,233 20,022 74.80 94.70
2002 20,637 25,744 18,256 2,381 2,397 23,034 79.70 99.40
2003 23,816 29,023 21,404 2,412 2,633 26,449 83.90 102.20
2004 27,099 32,277 24,619 2,480 2,645 29,744 86.20 102.70
2005 31,072 35,835 28,568 2,504 2,713 33,785 92.90 107.10
2006 32,903 36,595 30,187 2,716 2,866 35,769 94.80 105.40
2007 33,192 36,069 30,373 2,819 2,947 36,139 96.20 104.50
2008 37,642 39,167 34,608 3,034 3,202 40,844 102.20 106.30
2009 53,622 55,979 50,360 3,262 3,394 57,016 125.30 130.80
2010 68,313 70,128 64,702 3,611 3,448 71,761 133.80 137.40
2011 75,718 75,718 71,811 3,907 3,433 79,151 133.85 133.85

Note: Total federal cost and the cost of benefits does include food stamps in Puerto Rico from 1975 to 1982 but does not include the funding for the Puerto Rico nutrition assistance grant from the last quarter of FY 1982 (when it replaced Puerto Rico’s food stamp program) to the present. (Puerto Rico’s nutrition assistance grant was $778 million in 1983 and rose to $2.0 billion in 2009.)

1 Amounts include the federal share of state administrative and Employment and Training costs and certain direct federal administrative costs. They do not generally include approximately $60 million in food stamp-related federal administrative costs budgeted under a separate appropriation account (although estimates prior to 1989 do include estimates of food stamp related federal administrative expenses paid out of other Agriculture Department accounts). State and local costs are estimated based on the known federal shares and represent an estimate of all administrative expenses of participating states.

2 Constant dollar adjustments to 2011 level were made using a CPI-U-RS fiscal year average price index.

3 The fiscal year in which the food stamp purchase requirement was eliminated, on a phased-in basis.

4 Beginning 1984 USDA took over from DHHS the administrative cost of certifying public assistance households for food stamps.

Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service unpublished data (available at online at http://www.fns.usda.gov/pd/SNAPsummary.htm) and http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/qc/pdfs/2011_state_activity.pdf.

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