To assess the social impacts of any change in dependence, changes in the level of poverty should be considered. This report focuses on the official poverty rate, the most common poverty measure. Additional measures of poverty and need also are included under the Economic Risk Factors found in Chapter III.
Figure SUM 2a. Number Poor under 18 Years of Age & Poverty Rate, 1959–2011
Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010,” Current Population Reports, Series P60-239 and data published online at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html and http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/cpstables/032012/pov/toc.htm.
As shown in Figure Sum 2a, the child poverty rate for all persons under 18 is 21.9 percent (see Table ECON 1 for further details).