Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Table TANF 2. Number of AFDC/TANF Recipients, and Recipients as a Percentage of Various Population Groups: 1970-2013

09/22/2015

Calendar Year 1

Total Recipients in the States & DC
 (thousands)

Child Recipients in the States & DC
(thousands)

Recipients as a Percent of Total Population 2

Recipients as a Percent of Poverty Population 3

Child Recipients as a Percent of Total Child Population 2

Child Recipients as a Percent of Children in Poverty 3

1970

8,303

6,104

4.0

32.7

8.7

58.5

1971

10,043

7,303

4.8

39.3

10.5

69.2

1972

10,736

7,766

5.1

43.9

11.2

75.5

1973

10,738

7,763

5.1

46.7

11.3

80.5

1974

10,621

7,637

5.0

45.4

11.2

75.2

1975

11,131

7,928

5.2

43.0

11.8

71.4

1976

11,098

7,850

5.1

44.4

11.8

76.4

1977

10,856

7,632

4.9

43.9

11.7

74.2

1978

10,387

7,270

4.7

42.4

11.2

73.2

1979

10,140

7,057

4.5

38.9

11.0

68.0

1980

10,599

7,295

4.7

36.2

11.5

63.2

1981

10,893

7,397

4.7

34.2

11.7

59.2

1982

10,161

6,767

4.4

29.5

10.8

49.6

1983

10,569

6,967

4.5

29.9

11.1

50.1

1984

10,643

7,017

4.5

31.6

11.2

52.3

1985

10,672

7,073

4.5

32.3

11.3

54.4

1986

10,850

7,206

4.5

33.5

11.5

56.0

1987

10,841

7,240

4.5

33.6

11.5

56.4

1988

10,728

7,201

4.4

33.8

11.4

57.8

1989

10,798

7,286

4.4

34.3

11.5

57.9

1990

11,497

7,781

4.6

34.2

12.1

57.9

1991

12,728

8,601

5.0

35.6

13.2

60.0

1992

13,571

9,189

5.3

35.7

13.8

60.1

1993

14,007

9,460

5.4

35.7

14.0

60.2

1994

13,970

9,448

5.3

36.7

13.8

61.8

1995

13,242

9,013

5.0

36.4

13.0

61.5

1996

12,156

8,355

4.5

33.3

11.9

57.8

1997

10,224

7,0774

3.7

28.7

10.0

50.1

1998

8,215

5,781

3.0

23.8

8.1

42.9

1999

6,709

4,836

2.4

20.5

6.7

39.4

2000

6,043

4,415

2.1

19.1

6.1

38.1

2001

5,631

4,140

2.0

17.1

5.7

35.3

2002

5,534

4,073

1.9

16.0

5.6

33.6

2003

5,424

4,024

1.9

15.1

5.5

31.3

2004

5,283

3,935

1.8

14.3

5.4

30.2

2005

4,975

3,726

1.7

13.5

5.1

28.9

2006

4,537

3,428

1.5

12.4

4.6

26.7

2007

4,038

3,093

1.3

10.8

4.2

23.2

2008

3,972

3,036

1.3

10.0

4.1

21.6

2009

4,331

3,268

1.4

9.9

4.4

21.2

2010

4,553

3,405

1.5

9.8

4.6

20.9

2011

4,512

3,378

1.4

9.8

4.6

20.9

2012

4,358

3,270

1.4

9.4

4.4

20.3

2013

4,002

3,024

1.3

8.8

4.1

20.6

1 Total recipients here are the monthly average for the calendar year in order to compare with the calendar year counts of the poverty populations used to compute the recipiency rates. From 2000 onward, total recipients includes SSP recipients as well as TANF recipients and likewise for child recipients. See Table IND 3a for fiscal year recipiency rates.

2 Population numbers used as denominators are resident population.  See Current Population Reports, Series P25-1106

3 For poverty population data see Current Population Reports, Series P60-231 (available online at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html).

4 Estimated based on the ratio of children recipients to total recipients for January through June of 1997.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance and U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2013,” Current Population Reports, Series P60-249 (available online at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html).

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