Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Table SNAP 3. Characteristics of Food Stamp/SNAP Households: Selected Years 1980–2013

09/22/2015

 

Year 1

 

1980

1984

1988

1990

1996

1998

2000

2005

2010

2013

Distribution of Households
   by Gross Income (as percentage of Poverty Guideline)

    Below 50% of the Federal Poverty Level

NA

NA

37

39

42

37

33

40

43

43

    Between 50% and 100% of the Federal
    Poverty Level

NA

NA

55

53

50

53

56

49

42

40

    Between 100% and 130% of the Federal
    Poverty Level

10

6

8

8

8

9

10

10

11

12

    Above 130% of the Federal Poverty Level

2

1

1

Distribution of Benefits
   by Gross Monthly Income (as percentage of Poverty Guideline)

    Below 50% of the Federal Poverty Level.

NA

NA

54

56

57

57

54

57

55

56

    Between 50% and 100% of the Federal
    Poverty Level

NA

NA

43

41

39

40

42

38

37

36

    Between 100% and 130% of the Federal
    Poverty Level

NA

NA

3

3

3

3

4

5

6

7

    Above 130% of the Federal Poverty Level

NA

NA

Percent of Households

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    With AFDC/TANF Income

NA

42

42

42

37

31

26

15

8

7

    With SSI Income

18

18

20

19

24

28

32

26

21

20

With Children

60

61

61

60

60

58

54

54

49

45

    And Female Heads of Household

NA

47

50

51

50

47

44

44

NA

NA

           With No Spouse Present

NA

NA

39

37

43

41

38

36

NA

NA

With Elderly Members 3

23

22

19

18

16

18

21

17

16

17

Average Household Size

2.8

2.8

2.6

2.6

2.5

2.4

2.3

2.3

2.2

2.1

1 Data were gathered in August in the years 1980-84 and during the summer in the years from 1986 to 1994.  Reports from 1995 to the present are based on fiscal year averages.

2 Public assistance income includes: AFDC/TANF, SSI, and general assistance.

3 These data refer to single-parent female heads with only one adult in the household but does not include households with more than one adult, not married, that are headed by a female (such as a single mom with teenage children, one of whom is 18).

4 Elderly members and heads of household include those of age 60 or older.

§§ The total percentage of households with public assistance income is approximately equal to the sum of those with AFDC/TANF and SSI income with some small percentage of households receiving both due to having individual members eligible for different forms of assistance (in 1996 just under 6 percent of households received assistance from multiple sources).

* Less than 0.5 percent.

Sources: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Analysis, Nutrition, and Evaluation, Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Households, Fiscal Year 2012, Report No. SNAP-14-CHAR (available online at  http://www.fns.usda.gov/system/files/ops/Characteristics2013.pdf and earlier reports.

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