Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Table SNAP 2. Trends in Food Stamp/SNAP Expenditures: Selected Years 1975–2013

09/22/2015

 

Fiscal Year

Total Federal Cost
 (Benefits + Administration)

Benefits

Administration1

Total Program Cost

Average Monthly Benefit per Person

Current Dollars

2013 Dollars2

Federal

Federal

State & Local

Current Dollars

2013 Dollars2

(millions)

(millions)

(millions)

(millions)

(millions)

(millions)

1975

$4,619

$18,793

$4,386

$233

$175

$4,794

$21.40

$87.10

1980

9,206

25,346

8,721

486

375

9,581

34.50

95.00

1981

11,225

28,082

10,630

595

504

11,729

39.50

98.80

1982

10,837

25,371

10,208

628

557

11,394

38.60

90.40

1983

11,847

26,507

11,152

695

612

12,459

43.00

96.20

19844

11,579

24,883

10,696

883

805

12,384

42.70

91.80

1985

11,703

24,286

10,744

960

871

12,574

45.00

93.40

1986

11,638

23,599

10,605

1,033

935

12,573

45.50

92.30

1987

11,604

22,920

10,500

1,104

996

12,600

45.80

90.50

1988

12,317

23,454

11,149

1,168

1,080

13,397

49.80

94.80

1989

12,902

23,566

11,670

1,232

1,101

14,003

51.70

94.40

1990

15,447

26,991

14,143

1,304

1,174

16,621

58.80

102.70

1991

18,747

31,350

17,316

1,432

1,247

19,994

63.80

106.70

1992

22,462

36,661

20,906

1,557

1,375

23,837

68.60

112.00

1993

23,653

37,641

22,006

1,647

1,572

25,225

68.00

108.20

1994

24,493

38,161

22,749

1,745

1,643

26,136

69.00

107.50

1995

24,620

37,472

22,764

1,856

1,748

26,368

71.30

108.50

1996

24,331

36,121

22,440

1,891

1,842

26,173

73.20

108.70

1997

21,508

31,162

19,549

1,959

1,904

23,412

71.30

103.30

1998

18,988

27,112

16,890

2,098

1,988

20,976

71.10

101.50

1999

17,821

24,996

15,769

2,052

1,874

19,695

72.30

101.40

2000

17,054

23,189

14,983

2,071

2,086

19,140

72.60

98.70

2001

17,789

23,440

15,547

2,242

2,233

20,022

74.80

98.60

2002

20,637

26,794

18,256

2,381

2,397

23,034

79.70

103.50

2003

23,816

30,207

21,404

2,412

2,633

26,449

83.90

106.40

2004

27,099

33,593

24,619

2,480

2,645

29,744

86.20

106.90

2005

31,072

37,296

28,568

2,504

2,713

33,785

92.90

111.50

2006

32,903

38,087

30,187

2,716

2,866

35,769

94.80

109.70

2007

33,174

37,519

30,373

2,800

2,947

36,120

96.20

108.80

2008

37,640

40,761

34,608

3,031

3,202

40,842

102.20

110.70

20095

53,620

58,260

50,360

3,260

3,394

57,014

125.30

136.10

20105

68,284

72,956

64,702

3,582

3,448

71,731

133.80

143.00

20115

75,687

78,773

71,811

3,876

3,433

79,120

133.80

139.30

20125

78,455

79,732

74,619

3,836

3,565

82,020

133.40

135.60

20135

79,929

79,929

76,066

3,863

3,578

83,508

133.10

133.10

Note: Total federal cost and the cost of benefits does include food stamps in Puerto Rico from 1975 to 1982 but does not include the funding for the Puerto Rico nutrition assistance grant from the last quarter of FY 1982 (when it replaced Puerto Rico’s food stamp program) to the present. (Puerto Rico’s nutrition assistance grant was $778 million in 1983 and rose to $2.0 billion in 2013.)

1 Amounts include the federal share of state administrative and Employment and Training costs and certain direct federal administrative costs.  They do not generally include approximately $60 million in food stamp-related federal administrative costs budgeted under a separate appropriation account (although estimates prior to 1989 do include estimates of food stamp related federal administrative expenses paid out of other Agriculture Department accounts).  State and local costs are estimated based on the known federal shares and represent an estimate of all administrative expenses of participating states.

2 Constant dollar adjustments to 2013 level were made using a CPI-U-RS fiscal year average price index.  These tabulations differ from USDA data because the data are rounded to the nearest $.10 in this table.

3 The fiscal year in which the food stamp purchase requirement was eliminated, on a phased-in basis.

4 Beginning 1984 USDA took over from DHHS the administrative cost of certifying public assistance households for food stamps.

5 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 temporarily increased SNAP benefits (through November 1, 2013), which impacted both SNAP expenditures and average benefit amounts. 

Source:  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service unpublished data (available at online at www.fns.usda.gov/pd/SNAPsummary.htm) and www.fns.usda.gov/system/files/2013-state-activity.pdf.

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