Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Table SNAP 1. Trends in Food Stamp/SNAP Caseloads: Selected Years 1962–2013

09/22/2015

 

Food Stamp Participants/SNAP

Ratio of Participants to:

Ratio of Child Participants to:

Fiscal Year

Including Territories 1 (thousands)

Excluding  Territories  (thousands)

Children
Excld. Terr.  (thousands)

Total Population 2
(percent)

130% Poverty Level Population 2
(percent)

Total Child Population 2
(percent)

130% Poverty Level Child Population 2
(percent)

1962

6,554 

6,554 

NA   

3.5  

11.7

NA  

NA     

1965

5,167 

5,167 

NA   

2.7  

10.6

NA  

NA     

1970

8,340 

8,317 

NA   

4.1  

22.1

NA  

NA     

1975 3

17,064  

16,320

NA   

7.6  

41.3

NA  

NA     

1976

18,549  

17,033

9,126 

7.8  

45.0

13.8 

62.4

1977

17,064  

15,604

NA   

7.1  

41.1

NA  

NA

1978

16,001  

14,405

NA   

6.5  

39.7

NA  

NA

1979 4

17,653  

15,942

NA   

7.1  

41.1

NA  

NA

1980

21,082 

19,253

9,876

8.5  

44.7

15.5 

62.3

1981

22,430  

20,655

9,803

9.0  

44.6

15.5 

57.9

1982

21,717  

20,391

9,591

8.8 

41.6

15.3 

52.9

1983

21,625

20,095

10,910

8.6  

40.6

17.4 

59.0

1984

20,854

20,796

10,492

8.8  

43.6

16.8 

59.6

1985

19,899

19,847

9,801

8.3  

42.6

15.7 

57.4

1986

19,429

19,381

9,844

8.1  

41.2

15.7 

58.5

1987

19,113

19,072

9,771

7.9  

42.1

15.5 

57.9

1988

18,645

18,613

9,351

7.6  

41.4

14.8 

56.5

1989

18,806

18,778

9,429

7.6  

41.8

14.9 

56.4

1990

20,049

20,020

10,127

8.0  

42.5

15.8 

57.2

1991

22,625

22,599

11,952

8.9  

45.3

18.3 

63.6

1992

25,407

25,371

13,349

9.9  

47.8

20.1 

68.6

1993

26,987

26,957

14,196

10.4  

49.5

21.0 

69.3

1994

27,474

27,439

14,391

10.4  

51.7

21.0 

71.8

1995

26,619

26,579

13,856

10.0  

51.7

20.0 

71.4

1996

25,543

25,495

13,195

9.5  

49.1

18.8 

68.6

1997

22,858

22,820

11,848

8.4  

45.3

16.7 

63.5

1998

19,791

19,748

10,520

7.2  

40.7

14.7

58.9

1999

18,183

18,114

9,331

6.5  

38.1

13.0

55.2

2000

17,194

17,156

8,743

6.1

37.2

12.1

54.3

2001

17,318

17,282

8,820

6.1

36.0

12.1

53.2

2002

19,096

19,059

9,688

6.6

38.1

13.3

57.0

2003

21,250

21,222

10,605

7.3

41.2

14.5

60.4

2004

23,811

23,819

11,771

8.1

45.9

16.1

67.5

2005

25,628

25,677

12,404

8.7

48.7

16.9

70.3

2006

26,549

26,631

12,579

8.9

51.3

17.1

70.7

2007

26,316

26,426

12,695

8.8

49.3

17.2

68.8

2008

28,223

28,181

13,472

9.3

49.9

18.2

69.6

2009

33,490

33,442

15,589

10.9

55.9

21.0

76.6

2010

40,302

40,245

18,484

13.0

63.7

24.9

86.9

2011

44,709

44,645

19,892

14.3

69.5

26.9

92.6

2012

46,609

46,541

20,463

14.8

71.8

27.8

95.6

2013

47,636

47,563

20,633

15.0

74.5

28.0

101.7

2014

46,536

46,461

NA   

14.6

NA

NA  

NA

1 Total participants includes all participating states, the District of Columbia, and the territories (including Puerto Rico from 1975 to 1982–a separate Nutrition Assistance Grant for Puerto Rico was begun in July 1982).  From 1962 to 1983 the number of participants includes the Family Food Assistance Program (FFAP) that was largely replaced by the FSP in 1975.  The FFAP participants (as of December) for the seven years shown during the period from 1962 to 1974 were respectively: 6,411;  4,742;  3,977;  3,642;  3,002;  2,441;  and 1,406 (all in thousands).  From 1975 to 1983 the number of FFAP participants averaged only 88 thousand.

2 Includes all participating states and the District of Columbia only–the territories are excluded from both numerator and denominator.  Population numbers used as denominators are the resident population and the 130 poverty level population.

3 The first fiscal year in which food stamps were available nationwide.

4 The fiscal year in which the food stamp purchase requirement was eliminated, on a phased-in basis.

Sources: U.S. Department of Agriculture, data published online at www.fns.usda.gov/characteristics-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-households-fiscal-year-2012 and unpublished data from the USDA National Data Bank, the House Ways and Means Committee, 1996 Green Book, and U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2013,” Current Population Reports, Series P60-249 and earlier reports (the population below 130 percent of poverty level income for 1962-2001 estimated by ASPE).

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