Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Nonmarital Birth Risk Factor 2. Nonmarital Teen Births

09/22/2015

Figure BIRTH 2.  Percentage of All Births to Unmarried Teens Ages 15 to 19 by Race and Ethnicity: 1940 ─ 2012

Figure BIRTH 2.  Percentage of All Births to Unmarried Teens Ages 15 to 19 by Race and Ethnicity: 1940 ─ 2012

 


Note: Trends in nonmarital births may be affected by changes in the reporting of marital status on birth certificates and in procedures for inferring nonmarital births when marital status is not reported.  Beginning in 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the mother.  Prior to 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the child.

Race categories include those of Hispanic ethnicity.  Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Prior to 1969, race data were available for Whites and Non-Whites only.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Nonmarital Childbearing in the United States, 1940-1999,” National Vital Health Statistics Reports, Vol. 48 (16), 2000; “Births: Final Data for 2012,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 62 (9), December 30, 2013, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm.


  • Figure BIRTH 2 shows the percentage of all births to unmarried teens 15 to 19 years of age by race and ethnicity, and Table BIRTH 2 shows corresponding estimates for selected years between 1940 and 2012.  Unlike BIRTH 1, which showed nonmarital teen births as a percentage of all teen births, BIRTH 2 shows births to unmarried teens as a percentage of births to all women.  This percentage is affected by several factors: the age distribution of women, the marriage rate among teens, the birth rate among unmarried teens and the birth rate among all other women.
  • The percentage of all births that were to unmarried teens declined over the last five years, from 8.2 in 2003 to 6.9 percent in 2012.
  • Among Black women, the percentage of all births that were nonmarital teen births decreased to 11.9 percent in 2012.  This was the lowest percentage since 1969, the first year in which data on Black women were tabulated separately.
  • Among White women, the percentage of all births that were to unmarried teens decreased to 6.2 percent in 2012.
  • Among Hispanic women, the percentage of all births that were to unmarried teens increased from a low of 9.8 percent in 1990 to a high of 12.1 percent in 1998; since 2008 the rate has been decreasing.  The rate in 2012 was 9.9 percent.

Table BIRTH 2.  Percentage of All Births to Unmarried Teens Ages 15 to 19 by Race and Ethnicity:

Selected Years

Year

All Races

White

Black

Hispanic

1940

1.7

0.8

NA

NA

1950

1.6

0.6

NA

NA

1955

1.7

0.7

NA

NA

1960

2.0

0.9

NA

NA

1965

3.3

1.6

NA

NA

1970

5.1

2.6

18.8

NA

1975

7.1

3.7

24.2

NA

1980

7.3

4.4

22.2

NA

1981

7.1

4.5

21.5

NA

1982

7.1

4.5

21.2

NA

1983

7.2

4.6

21.2

NA

1984

7.1

4.6

20.7

NA

1985

7.2

4.8

20.3

NA

1986

7.5

5.1

20.1

NA

1987

7.7

5.3

20.0

NA

1988

8.0

5.6

20.3

NA

1989

8.3

5.9

20.6

NA

1990

8.4

6.1

20.4

9.8

1991

8.7

6.4

20.4

10.3

1992

8.7

6.5

20.2

10.3

1993

8.9

6.8

20.2

10.6

1994

9.7

7.5

21.1

12.1

1995

9.6

7.6

21.1

11.7

1996

9.6

7.7

20.9

11.5

1997

9.7

7.8

20.5

11.9

1998

9.7

7.9

19.9

12.1

1999

9.5

7.8

19.1

11.9

2000

9.1

7.6

18.3

11.5

2001

8.7

7.3

17.5

11.0

2002

8.5

7.2

16.7

10.8

2003

8.2

7.1

16.2

10.7

2004

8.3

7.2

16.0

10.9

2005

8.3

7.2

15.8

11.0

2006

8.6

7.4

16.1

11.3

2007

8.8

7.7

16.3

11.5

2008

8.9

7.8

16.2

11.7

2009

8.7

7.6

15.6

11.6

2010

8.1

7.2

14.5

11.1

2011

7.4

6.6

13.1

10.4

2012

6.9

6.2

11.9

9.9

Note: Trends in nonmarital births may be affected by changes in the reporting of marital status on birth certificates and in procedures for inferring nonmarital births when marital status is not reported.  Beginning in 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the mother.  Prior to 1980, data are tabulated by the race of the child.

Race categories include those of Hispanic ethnicity.  Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately. Prior to 1969, race data were available for Whites and Non-Whites only.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Nonmarital Childbearing in the United States, 1940-1999,” National Vital Health Statistics Reports, Vol. 48 (16), 2000; “Births: Final Data for 2012,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 62 (9), December 30, 2013, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm.

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