Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. INDICATOR 5. Multiple Program Receipt

09/22/2015


Figure IND 5. Percentage of Recipients Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs – TANF, SNAP and SSI: 2012

Percentage of Recipients Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs – TANF, SNAP and SSI: 2012

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive.  SSI receipt is based on individual receipt; TANF and SNAP receipt are based on the full recipient unit.  Recipients are defined as those individuals who receive SSI or live in a family that receives either TANF or SNAP benefits.   In practice, individuals typically do not receive both TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2012, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

  • Figure IND 5 shows the percentage of those receiving benefits from TANF, SNAP, or SSI or a combination of benefits from these programs in 2012.  Eighty-three (83.0) percent of all individuals received no benefits from means tested programs, while 17.0 percent did.  Of those who received any benefits from the three programs,76.7 percent of recipients received only SNAP benefits, 7.2 percent of recipients received both TANF and SNAP benefits, and 9.5 percent of recipients received SSI and SNAP.
  • Table IND 5a shows the percentage of the population receiving assistance from TANF, SNAP, and SSI by demographic characteristics.  About five (4.5) percent of children from birth to 5 years lived in families that received both TANF and SNAP. 
  • Among family categories, persons in female-headed families were more likely than those living in other types of families to receive support from multiple means-tested assistance programs.
  • Table IND 5b shows the percentage of the population receiving assistance from multiple means-tested assistance programs between 1993 and 2012.  Reliance on TANF and SNAP together has decreased over time.  In 1993, 4.8 percent of the population received AFDC and food stamps.  In 2012, the percent that received both TANF and SNAP decreased to 1.2 percent.  Reliance on SNAP and SSI was 1.0 percent in 1993 and in 2012 it was 1.6 percent.

Table IND 5a. Percentage of Recipients Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs by Selected Characteristics: 2012

 

Any Receipt

One Program Only

Two Programs

 

 

TANF

SNAP

SSI

TANF & SNAP

SNAP & SSI

All Persons

17.0

0.1

13.0

1.0

1.2

1.6

  Racial/Ethnic Categories

   Non-Hispanic White

12.0

0.1

9.5

0.7

0.5

1.3

   Non-Hispanic Black

32.7

0.2

24.1

1.4

3.3

3.7

   Hispanic

24.8

0.3

18.9

1.7

2.4

1.6

  Age Categories

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Children ages 0-5

33.3

0.5

27.0

0.6

4.5

0.7

   Children ages 6-10

30.6

0.4

24.5

0.8

3.6

1.3

   Children ages 11-15

26.4

0.4

20.8

0.9

3.1

1.2

   Women ages 16-64

15.9

0.1

12.3

0.8

1.0

1.8

   Men ages 16-64

12.5

0.0

9.8

0.9

0.3

1.5

   Adults ages 65 and over

10.2

0.0

5.4

2.3

0.0

2.6

  Family Categories

   Persons in married-couple families

9.8

0.1

8.1

0.7

0.4

0.5

   Persons in female-headed families

43.5

0.3

32.3

1.7

5.8

3.3

   Persons in male-headed families

24.9

0.1

19.3

1.7

1.4

2.3

   Unrelated persons

16.3

0.0

11.4

1.2

0.0

3.6

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive.  SSI receipt is based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and Food Stamps/SNAP receipt are based on the full recipient unit.  In practice, individuals do not tend to receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs.  The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance at some point over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II).  Spouses are not present in the female-headed and male-headed family categories.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race.  Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2012, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

Table IND 5b. Percentage of Recipients Receiving Assistance from Multiple Means-Tested Assistance Programs: 1993-2012

 

Any Receipt

One Program Only

Two Programs

 

 

AFDC/TANF

FS/SNAP

SSI

AFDC/TANF & SNAP

    SNAP & SSI

1993

12.6

0.6

5.2

1.1

4.8

1.0

1994

12.8

0.5

5.3

1.2

4.6

1.1

1995

12.3

0.4

5.0

1.2

4.5

1.1

1996

12.0

0.3

5.3

1.2

4.0

1.1

1997

10.2

0.4

4.3

1.3

3.1

1.0

1998

9.0

0.4

3.9

1.4

2.4

0.9

1999

8.5

0.4

3.8

1.3

2.0

1.0

2000

8.1

0.2

3.8

1.4

1.7

1.0

2001

8.1

0.3

3.9

1.4

1.5

1.0

2002

8.5

0.3

4.5

1.3

1.4

1.0

2003

9.7

0.2

5.5

1.3

1.6

1.0

2004

10.3

0.2

6.1

1.2

1.6

1.1

2005

10.2

0.2

6.2

1.3

1.5

1.2

2006

10.4

0.2

6.5

1.3

1.3

1.2

2007

10.6

0.2

6.8

1.3

1.2

1.2

2008

11.4

0.2

7.7

1.2

1.2

1.2

2009

13.5

0.2

9.6

1.1

1.3

1.4

2010

16.3

0.2

12.2

1.0

1.3

1.5

2011

16.8

0.2

12.7

1.0

1.3

1.6

2012

17.0

0.1

13.0

1.0

1.2

1.6

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive.  SSI receipt is based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and Food Stamps/SNAP receipt are based on the full recipient unit.  In practice, individuals do not tend to receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs.  The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance at some point over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II).

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1994-2012, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

View full report

Preview
Download

"FINAL Fourteenth Report - FINAL 9 22 15.pdf" (pdf, 3.14Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®