Note: “Basic Families” are single-parent families and two-parent families in which one of the parents is incapacitated and “UP Families” are two-parent cases who are needy due to the unemployment of the principal earner and receiving benefits under AFDC Unemployed Parent programs that operated in certain states before FY 1991 and in all states after October 1, 1990. The AFDC Basic and UP programs were replaced by TANF as of July 1, 1997 under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. The decrease in number of families receiving assistance during the 1981-82 recession stems from changes in eligibility requirements and other policy changes mandated by OBRA 1981. The decrease in number of families receiving assistance beginning in 1996 is attributed to welfare reform and the introduction of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families block grant. Beginning in 2000, “Total Families” includes TANF and SSP families. Last data point plotted is December 2013. Beginning in 2000, “Total Families” includes TANF and SSP families. Last data point plotted is December 2013.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance.