Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 1. Labor Force Attachment

09/22/2015

Figure WORK 1.  Percentage of Persons in Families with Labor Force Participants by Race and Ethnicity: 2012

Figure WORK 1.  Percentage of Persons in Families with Labor Force Participants by Race and Ethnicity: 2012

Note: Full-time, full-year workers (FT/FY) are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year.  Part-time labor force participation includes those working for some portion of the year but less than full-time, full-year.  Looking for work includes individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year.  This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.  Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race.  Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2013.


  • Figure WORK 1 shows the percentage of persons in families with labor force participants by race and ethnicity.  In 2012, Hispanics were more likely to live in families with at least one full-time, full-year labor force participant (70.5 percent) than were Non-Hispanic Whites (68.1 percent) or Non-Hispanic Blacks (59.6 percent).

  • In 2012, 4.3 percent of Non-Hispanic Blacks lived in families with at least one person actively looking for work but no one working, compared to 1.3 percent for Non-Hispanic Whites and 1.9 percent for Hispanics.

  • Table WORK 1a shows the percentage of persons in families with labor force participants by demographic characteristics. Among family types, persons living in married-couple families were more likely than persons living in other family types to live with at least one full-time, full-year labor force participant.

  • Table WORK 1b shows the percentage of persons in families with labor force participants for select years between 1990 and 2012. The percentage of persons living in families with a full-time, full-year labor force participant increased from 67.6 percent in 1992 to 73.3 percent in 2000. In 2012, 67.9 percent of persons lived in families with a full-time, full-year worker.

Table WORK 1a. Percentage of Persons in Families with Labor Force Participants by Selected Characteristics: 2012

 

At least one full-time worker

At least one person part time, no full time participants

At least one person looking, no full time participants

No one in labor force

All Persons

67.9

15.8

1.9

14.4

Racial/Ethnic Categories

Non-Hispanic White

68.1

14.6

1.3

16.0

Non-Hispanic Black

59.6

19.8

4.3

16.3

Hispanic

70.5

18.2

1.9

9.5

Age Categories

Children ages 0-5

73.8

17.5

2.5

6.1

Children ages 6-10

74.8

16.6

2.2

6.4

Children ages 11-15

76.2

15.8

2.1

5.9

Women ages 16-64

73.4

16.1

1.9

8.6

Men ages 16-64

76.9

14.6

1.7

6.7

 Adults ages 65 and over

23.7

16.7

1.5

58.1

Family Categories

  Persons in married families

77.2

11.9

0.8

10.1

Persons in female-headed families

56.1

24.6

4.8

14.6

Persons in male-headed families

55.8

26.1

4.5

13.6

Unrelated persons

48.8

18.7

2.3

30.3

 

Note: Full-time, full-year (FT/FY) workers are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year.  Part-time labor force participation includes those working for some portion of the year but less than full-time, full-year.  Looking for work includes individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year.  This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.  Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race.  Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category.  Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2013.

 

Table WORK 1b.  Percentage of Persons in Families with Labor Force Participants: Selected Years

 

No One in LF During Year

At Least One in LF No One FT/FY

At Least One FT/FY Worker

1990

13.7

17.6

68.7

1992

14.4

18.1

67.6

1994

14.1

17.1

68.8

1996

13.6

16.1

70.3

1998

13.3

14.6

72.1

1999

12.6

14.4

73.1

2000

12.8

13.8

73.3

2001

13.3

14.4

72.4

2002

13.4

14.6

72.0

2003

13.8

15.0

71.2

2004

13.9

14.4

71.7

2005

13.7

14.1

72.2

2006

13.6

13.7

72.8

2007

13.5

14.1

72.5

2008

13.7

16.0

70.4

2009

14.0

18.2

67.8

2010

14.4

18.2

67.4

2011

14.9

17.2

67.9

2012

14.4

17.7

67.9

Note: Full-time, full-year workers (FT/FY) are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year.  Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes part-time workers and individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year.  This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1991-2013.

 

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