Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Economic Security Risk Factor 5. Poverty Spells

09/22/2015

Figure ECON 5. Percentage of Poverty Spells for Persons Entering Poverty during the 2008 SIPP Panel by Length of Spell

Figure ECON 5. Percentage of Poverty Spells for Persons Entering Poverty during the 2008 SIPP Panel by Length of Spell


Note:  Spell length categories are mutually exclusive.  Spells separated by only 1 month are not considered separate spells. 

 

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008 panel (2008 – 2012).


  • Figure ECON 5 shows the percentage of poverty spells that are of various lengths for persons who became poor during the 2008 -  2012 period.  Forty-six (45.7) percent of poverty spells that began between 2008 and 2012 ended within 4 months.  Almost three-quarters (72.5 percent) of poverty spells during this period ended within one year while 17.7 percent of spells lasted more than 20 months.  
  • Table ECON 5a shows the percentage of poverty spells for persons entering poverty during the 2008 - 2012 period by length of spell and demographic characteristics.
  • Among racial and ethnic groups, a larger percentage of Non-Hispanic Whites had short spells of poverty (48.3 percent) than Non-Hispanic Blacks (39.9 percent) or Hispanics of any race (44.0 percent).  A larger percentage of Non-Hispanic Blacks (23.1 percent) had poverty spells greater than 20 months than did Non-Hispanic Whites (15.1 percent) and Hispanics of any race (19.9 percent).  
  • When examining long spells of poverty, greater than 20 months by age group, children 0 - 5 years of age had the highest rate (21.9 percent) and men 16-64 years of age had the lowest rate (14.9 percent).

Table ECON 5a. Percentage of Poverty Spells for Persons Entering Poverty during the 2008 SIPP Panel by Length of Spell and Selected Characteristics

 

Spells

 <=4 Months

Spells

 5-12 Months

Spells

13-20 Months

Spells >20

 Months

All Persons

45.7

26.8

9.8

17.7

 Racial/Ethnic Categories

  Non-Hispanic White

48.3

27.3

9.3

15.1

  Non-Hispanic Black

39.9

26.6

10.5

23.1

  Hispanic

44.0

25.6

10.5

19.9

 Age Categories

  Children ages 0-5 years

42.4

25.7

10.0

21.9

  Children ages 6-10 years

44.0

26.1

9.4

20.5

  Children ages 11-15 years                                                

45.2

28.2

9.9

16.7

  Women ages 16-64 years

45.7

26.5

10.2

17.7

  Men ages 16-64 years

48.1

27.4

9.6

14.9

  Adults ages 65 years and over

41.3

24.0

8.3

26.3

Note:  Spell length categories are mutually exclusive.  Spells separated by only 1 month are not considered separate spells.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008 panel (2008 – 2012).


 

Table ECON 5b. Percentage of Poverty Spells for Persons Entering Poverty during Selected SIPP Panels by Length of Spell

 

Spells
 <=4 Months

Spells
5-12 Months

Spells
13-20 Months

Spells
 >20 Months

1993 – 1995

47.3

28.1

8.9

15.7

1996 – 1999

51.3

29.0

8.3

11.4

2001 – 2003

49.2

27.7

7.7

15.5

2004 – 2007

47.8

26.7

12.2

13.4

2008 – 2012

45.7

26.8

9.8

17.7

Note:  Spell length categories are mutually exclusive.  Spells separated by only 1 month are not considered separate spells. 

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2004, and 2008 panels.

View full report

Preview
Download

"FINAL Fourteenth Report - FINAL 9 22 15.pdf" (pdf, 3.14Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®