Welfare Indicators and Risk Factors: Fourteenth Report to Congress. Appendix C. Additional Nonmarital Birth Data

09/22/2015

Table C-1. Percentage of Births to Unmarried Women within Age Groups by Race and Ethnicity:
Selected Years 1940-2012

 

White

Black1

Hispanic2

 

Total Teens3

Age 15 - 17

Age 18 - 19

Total Women

Total Teens

Age 15 - 17

Age 18 - 19

Total Women

Total Teens

Age 15 - 17

Age 18 - 19

Total Women

Note: Trends in non-marital births may be affected by changes in the reporting of marital status on birth certificates and in procedures for inferring non-marital births when marital status is not reported. In particular, the increases from 1993 to 1994 to a great extent reflect improvements in the completeness of reporting of nonmarital births in two states, Michigan and Texas.

1 From 1940 to 1965, the percentage of births to unmarried Black women (shown in italics) includes all unmarried Non-white. 

2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.  Data for Hispanics have been available only since 1980, with 22 states reporting in 1980, representing 90 percent of the Hispanic population.  Hispanic birth data were reported by 23 states and the District of Columbia in 1985; 48 states and the District of Columbia in 1990; 49 states and the District of Columbia in 1991 and 1992; and all 50 states and the District of Columbia since 1993.

3 Teens under 15 included in Total Teens but not shown separately.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births of Hispanic Parentage, 1980,” Monthly Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 32, No. 6 Supplement; “Births of Hispanic Parentage, 1985,” Monthly Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 36, No. 11 Supplement; “Nonmarital Childbearing in the United States, 1940 - 1999,” National Vital Health Statistics Reports, Vol. 48 (16); “Births: Final Data for 2012,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 62 (9), and earlier reports.  Additional calculations by ASPE staff.

1940

7

– 

– 

2

36

– 

– 

17

– 

– 

– 

– 

1945

10

– 

– 

2

41

– 

– 

18

– 

– 

– 

– 

1950

6

10

5

2

37

48

28

18

– 

– 

– 

– 

1955

7

10

5

2

42

52

33

20

– 

– 

– 

– 

1960

7

12

5

2

43

54

34

22

– 

– 

– 

– 

1965

12

17

9

4

51

63

39

26

– 

– 

– 

– 

1970

17

25

14

6

64

76

52

38

– 

– 

– 

– 

1975

23

33

17

7

78

87

68

49

– 

– 

– 

– 

1980

34

45

27

11

86

93

80

56

42

51

36

24

1985

45

58

38

15

91

96

86

61

– 

61

46

30

1990

57

68

51

20

92

96

89

67

62

68

54

37

1991

59

70

53

22

93

96

90

68

64

69

56

38

1992

61

71

55

23

93

96

90

68

65

69

57

39

1993

63

72

57

24

93

96

91

69

66

69

58

40

1994

68

78

62

25

95

98

93

70

73

77

65

43

1995

68

77

62

25

95

98

93

70

71

75

62

41

1996

69

79

63

26

96

98

94

70

71

75

63

41

1997

71

82

65

26

96

98

94

69

76

80

66

41

1998

72

83

67

26

96

98

94

69

77

82

67

42

1999

73

83

67

27

96

98

94

69

76

82

67

42

2000

73

83

68

27

96

98

94

69

76

82

67

43

2001

73

83

68

28

96

99

94

68

75

81

67

42

2002

75

85

70

28

96

99

94

68

77

83

69

44

2003

77

86

72

29

96

99

95

68

80

85

71

45

2004

78

87

74

31

96

99

95

69

81

86

73

46

2005

79

88

75

32

96

99

95

69

83

87

75

48

2006

80

89

76

33

97

99

95

70

84

89

76

50

2007

82

90

78

35

97

99

96

71

86

90

78

51

2008

83

92

79

36

97

99

96

72

88

92

80

53

2009

84

92

80

36

97

99

96

72

89

94

81

53

2010

85

94

81

36

97

99

97

72

87

94

82

53

2011

85

94

82

36

97

99

97

72

87

94

83

53

2012

85

94

82

36

97

99

96

72

87

94

84

53

Table C-2. Percentage of Births that are to Unmarried Women by State: Selected Years 1960-2012

 

1960

1970

1980

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2012

United States

5

11

18

28

32

33

37

41

41

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births: Final Data for 2012,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 62 (9), December 30, 2013 and
earlier reports.

Alabama

11

14

22

30

34

34

36

42

43

Alaska

5

9

16

26

30

33

36

38

37

Arizona

NA

9

19

33

38

39

43

45

46

Arkansas

NA

13

20

29

33

36

40

45

45

California

NA

NA

21

32

32

33

36

41

40

Colorado

NA

9

13

21

25

25

27

24

23

Connecticut

NA

NA

18

27

31

29

32

37

38

Delaware

9

15

24

29

35

38

44

47

47

Dist of Columbia

20

38

56

65

66

60

56

55

51

Florida

9

14

23

32

36

38

43

48

48

Georgia

NA

NA

23

33

35

37

41

46

45

Hawaii

5

10

18

25

29

32

36

38

38

Idaho

NA

NA

8

17

20

22

23

27

27

Illinois

6

13

23

32

34

35

37

41

40

Indiana

4

8

16

26

32

35

40

43

43

Iowa

2

7

10

21

25

28

32

34

35

Kansas

3

7

12

22

26

29

34

38

37

Kentucky

5

8

15

24

29

31

36

41

41

Louisiana

9

15

23

37

42

46

48

53

53

Maine

3

7

14

23

28

31

35

41

42

Maryland

NA

NA

25

30

33

35

37

42

41

Massachusetts

NA

NA

16

25

26

27

30

35

34

Michigan

4

11

16

26

34

33

37

42

42

Minnesota

3

8

11

21

24

26

30

33

33

Mississippi

14

17

28

40

45

46

49

55

55

Missouri

6

11

18

29

32

35

38

40

40

Montana

NA

NA

13

24

26

31

35

36

36

Nebraska

NA

8

12

21

24

27

31

34

33

Nevada

4

11

13

25

42

36

41

44

45

New Hampshire

NA

6

11

17

22

25

27

33

35

New Jersey

4

10

21

24

28

29

31

35

36

New Mexico

NA

NA

16

35

43

46

51

52

52

New York

NA

NA

24

33

38

37

39

42

41

North Carolina

9

12

19

29

31

33

38

42

41

North Dakota

3

7

9

18

24

28

32

33

32

Ohio

4

NA

18

29

33

35

39

44

44

Oklahoma

NA

8

14

25

30

34

39

42

42

Oregon

3

7

15

26

29

30

33

36

35

Pennsylvania

4

10

18

29

32

33

37

42

42

Rhode Island

3

7

16

26

31

35

39

45

46

South Carolina

12

15

23

33

37

40

43

48

48

South Dakota

3

7

13

23

28

33

36

38

39

Tennessee

9

12

20

30

33

35

40

44

44

Texas

5

9

13

18

30

31

38

42

42

Utah

2

4

6

14

16

17

18

19

19

Vermont

NA

NA

14

20

25

28

32

39

41

Virginia

8

11

19

26

29

30

32

36

35

Washington

3

9

14

24

27

28

31

33

33

West Virginia

6

6

13

25

31

32

37

44

45

Wisconsin

3

8

14

24

27

29

32

37

37

Wyoming

2

7

8

20

26

29

33

34

34

Table C-3. Percentage of Births that are to Unmarried Women by Race and Ethnicity and State: 1994 and 2012

 

 

Non-Hispanic

 

 

All races

White

Black

Hispanic

State

1994

2012

1994

2012

1994

2012

1994

2012

United States

33

41

21

29

71

72

43

54

Women of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births: Final Data for 2012,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 62 (9), December 30, 2013 and earlier reports.

Alabama

35

43

16

28

71

75

19

27

Alaska

29

37

21

24

41

51

29

36

Arizona

38

46

25

31

65

65

51

57

Arkansas

33

45

20

35

74

80

31

50

California

36

40

23

24

63

68

46

53

Colorado

25

23

18

17

57

42

44

34

Connecticut

31

38

18

24

70

68

65

66

Delaware

35

47

22

36

74

72

50

63

Dist. of Columbia

69

51

10

6

81

77

59

64

Florida

36

48

24

37

69

70

34

51

Georgia

36

45

18

28

68

71

23

50

Hawaii

28

38

15

24

19

24

44

49

Idaho

19

27

17

23

42

38

25

45

Illinois

34

40

18

27

79

80

38

52

Indiana

32

43

26

37

78

79

42

53

Iowa

25

35

23

31

75

72

37

51

Kansas

26

37

21

31

67

71

39

53

Kentucky

28

41

23

38

73

75

25

52

Louisiana

43

53

21

35

73

80

30

55

Maine

28

42

28

42

45

35

23

51

Maryland

34

41

18

26

64

63

39

55

Massachusetts

27

34

19

26

63

56

62

63

Michigan

35

42

23

32

79

80

42

53

Minnesota

24

33

20

26

75

60

46

56

Mississippi

45

55

18

33

75

82

21

55

Missouri

33

40

24

33

79

77

34

52

Montana

26

36

20

30

29

53

30

48

Nebraska

25

33

20

27

74

69

39

51

Nevada

35

45

27

33

70

72

44

54

New Hampshire

22

35

21

35

33

42

37

50

New Jersey

28

36

13

19

68

69

48

60

New Mexico

42

52

23

31

60

55

49

58

New York

38

41

19

26

70

69

61

65

North Carolina

32

41

17

26

68

72

29

51

North Dakota

23

32

19

26

24

45

26

42

Ohio

33

44

25

36

78

79

50

60

Oklahoma

30

42

23

35

70

73

31

48

Oregon

29

35

27

32

72

60

35

49

Pennsylvania

33

42

23

32

80

79

63

67

Rhode Island

32

46

24

37

70

69

58

67

South Carolina

37

48

19

32

67

78

28

51

South Dakota

28

39

20

28

21

51

33

56

Tennessee

33

44

21

34

75

79

26

51

Texas

29

42

18

27

63

66

31

51

Utah

16

19

13

13

52

45

37

42

Vermont

25

41

25

41

32

35

34

44

Virginia

29

35

18

24

64

67

38

51

Washington

26

33

23

27

56

48

35

51

West Virginia

30

45

29

44

76

75

22

55

Wisconsin

27

37

20

29

82

84

46

56

Wyoming

28

34

25

29

42

54

45

52

Table C-4. Birth Rates of Teens 15-19 Years by State: Selected Years 1960-2012
[Births per 1,000 women in specified group]

State

1960

1970

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2012

United States

89

68

53

51

60

56

48

40

34

29

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births: Final Data for 2012,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 62 (9), December 30, 2013 and earlier reports available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm.

Alabama

104

90

68

64

71

69

61

48

44

39

Alaska

128

103

64

56

65

55

49

40

38

35

Arizona

112

79

65

67

76

74

68

59

42

37

Arkansas

116

93

75

73

80

72

66

59

53

46

California

103

69

53

53

71

67

47

39

32

27

Colorado

97

67

50

48

55

52

51

42

33

25

Connecticut

54

44

31

31

39

39

31

23

19

15

Delaware

100

73

51

51

55

55

48

40

31

25

Dist. of Columbia

132

116

62

72

93

85

53

42

45

39

Florida

117

86

59

58

69

60

51

42

32

28

Georgia

117

101

72

68

76

70

63

52

41

34

Hawaii

77

66

51

48

61

49

46

37

33

28

Idaho

102

66

59

47

51

49

43

36

33

28

Illinois

63

63

56

51

63

58

48

39

33

28

Indiana

100

75

57

52

59

57

49

42

37

33

Iowa

73

53

43

35

41

38

34

31

29

24

Kansas

94

65

57

52

56

52

46

40

39

34

Kentucky

108

86

72

63

68

62

55

48

46

42

Louisiana

113

84

76

72

74

70

62

47

48

43

Maine

93

65

47

42

43

34

29

24

21

19

Maryland

100

69

43

46

53

47

41

32

27

22

Massachusetts

51

40

28

29

35

33

26

20

17

14

Michigan

80

69

45

43

59

49

40

32

30

26

Minnesota

64

44

35

31

36

33

30

26

23

19

Mississippi

121

103

84

76

81

79

70

58

55

46

Missouri

99

72

58

54

63

55

49

42

37

32

Montana

97

62

48

44

48

42

37

35

35

29

Nebraska

82

54

45

40

42

38

38

33

31

27

Nevada

118

94

59

55

73

73

63

52

39

33

New Hampshire

76

55

34

32

33

30

23

18

16

14

New Jersey

58

50

35

34

41

38

32

24

20

17

New Mexico

127

79

72

73

78

74

66

61

53

48

New York

57

51

35

36

44

42

33

26

23

20

North Carolina

104

88

58

57

68

63

59

47

38

32

North Dakota

68

44

42

36

35

33

27

27

29

27

Ohio

84

65

52

50

58

53

46

38

34

30

Oklahoma

112

83

75

69

67

64

60

53

50

47

Oregon

88

58

51

43

55

50

43

33

28

24

Pennsylvania

67

53

41

40

45

41

34

29

27

24

Rhode Island

56

43

33

36

44

40

34

28

22

20

South Carolina

109

89

65

63

71

63

58

49

43

37

South Dakota

83

49

53

46

47

41

38

37

35

33

Tennessee

103

88

64

61

72

67

60

53

43

39

Texas

115

85

74

72

75

76

69

61

52

44

Utah

86

56

65

50

49

41

38

31

28

23

Vermont

74

54

39

36

34

28

23

17

18

16

Virginia

103

76

48

46

53

48

41

34

27

23

Washington

88

60

47

45

53

48

39

31

27

23

West Virginia

87

72

68

54

57

53

47

42

45

44

Wisconsin

64

46

40

39

43

38

35

30

26

22

Wyoming

112

71

79

59

56

48

42

43

39

35

Table C-5. Birth Rates of Teens 15-19 Years by Race and Ethnicity and State: Selected Years
[Births per 1,000 women in specified group]

 

All races

Non-Hispanic White

Non-Hispanic Black

Hispanic

State

1990

2000

2012

1990

2000

2012

1990

2000

2012

1990

2000

2012

United States

60

48

29

43

33

21

116

79

44

100

87

46

  Women of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

‡  Rates not deemed to be reliable due to small number of births or number of women in the group.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Trends in Characteristics of Births by State: United States, 1990, 1995, 2000-2002,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 52 (19), May 2004; and National and State Patterns of Teen Births in the United States, Vol. 23 (4), August 20, 2014.

Alabama

71

61

39

55

49

33

106

82

49

34

107

59

Alaska

65

49

35

53

32

21

38

74

32

Arizona

76

68

37

51

39

21

124

79

42

123

115

52

Arkansas

80

66

46

66

56

40

132

98

63

103

53

California

71

47

27

43

23

12

109

58

33

112

79

40

Colorado

55

51

25

39

31

16

112

84

32

111

114

48

Connecticut

39

31

15

20

15

7

108

65

25

122

90

43

Delaware

55

48

25

35

31

18

121

87

36

103

39

Dist. of Columbia

93

53

39

11

*

123

77

55

89

80

60

Florida

69

51

28

51

37

22

138

85

44

60

59

28

Georgia

76

63

34

56

47

26

117

82

42

73

132

50

Hawaii

61

46

28

38

21

23

26

133

99

53

Idaho

51

43

28

46

36

23

30

119

105

51

Illinois

63

48

28

37

26

16

146

96

53

95

90

42

Indiana

59

49

33

52

42

29

124

92

53

65

95

48

Iowa

41

34

24

38

30

20

119

89

51

80

97

58

Kansas

56

46

34

49

37

28

135

89

49

86

100

64

Kentucky

68

55

42

64

52

41

116

84

48

92

53

Louisiana

74

62

43

53

43

33

113

92

57

21

40

52

Maine

43

29

19

43

29

19

26

Maryland

53

41

22

36

27

13

97

68

33

46

63

45

Massachusetts

35

26

14

24

16

8

94

53

23

121

87

46

Michigan

59

40

26

41

30

18

132

81

54

94

81

45

Minnesota

36

30

19

30

21

12

156

93

40

79

105

52

Mississippi

81

70

46

56

51

39

113

93

55

52

43

Missouri

63

49

32

50

41

28

145

92

50

46

80

48

Montana

48

37

29

39

30

23

39

Nebraska

42

38

27

35

30

19

137

87

57

82

105

60

Nevada

73

63

33

61

42

22

133

83

47

108

110

47

New Hampshire

33

23

14

23

13

33

New Jersey

41

32

17

19

13

6

105

69

33

80

70

38

New Mexico

78

66

48

51

39

28

100

68

31

97

85

56

New York

44

33

20

25

19

12

86

55

30

82

64

36

North Carolina

68

59

32

51

43

23

107

80

42

106

146

56

North Dakota

35

27

27

29

21

19

50

64

Ohio

58

46

30

47

38

24

130

94

55

74

80

47

Oklahoma

67

60

47

na

51

41

na

85

56

na

97

67

Oregon

55

43

24

51

35

19

112

74

33

114

103

45

Pennsylvania

45

34

24

32

24

16

128

84

49

126

91

57

Rhode Island

44

34

20

32

22

11

137

66

31

130

92

49

South Carolina

71

58

37

54

44

29

101

79

48

67

96

52

South Dakota

47

38

33

35

27

21

42

66

Tennessee

72

60

39

61

50

33

122

91

52

41

120

58

Texas

75

69

44

49

41

26

117

78

44

104

104

62

Utah

49

38

23

44

31

17

51

32

115

106

53

Vermont

34

23

16

35

24

17

Virginia

53

41

23

40

30

18

100

70

36

56

71

36

Washington

53

39

23

47

31

17

98

58

25

113

101

53

West Virginia

57

47

44

57

46

45

74

68

44

Wisconsin

43

35

22

30

24

14

177

113

59

90

98

50

Wyoming

56

42

35

51

36

30

94

81

53

 

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