Some studies examined cost impacts and found some evidence of positive results. Yaggy et al. (2005) found that the Just for Us program shifted Medicaid expenditures away from ambulances and hospital services to pharmacy, personal care, and outpatient visits. At two-year follow-up, the program was not breaking even, but it was moving toward that goal. A study of the New York Naturally Occurring Retirement Community (NORC) Supportive Service Program (SSP) found that it forestalled a reported 460 hospital stays and 317 nursing home placements, saving the state $11 million over three years (Lawler, 2001).