The "Value Added" of Linking Publicly Assisted Housing for Low-Income Older Adults with Enhanced Services: A Literature Syntheses and Environmental Scan. Benefits for Residents


Many of the studies reported program benefits for residents, including the following.

  • Meeting unmet need for services--A frequently mentioned benefit was helping to meet residents’ unmet needs for services.

  • Improvements on indicators of physical/mental health, functioning and independence, and well-being--This was another frequently mentioned program benefit across many studies included in this review.

  • Increased ability to age in place--The literature was somewhat mixed regarding impacts on residents’ ability to age in place. The HOPE IV evaluation found that the program did not appear to reduce rates of nursing home placement or increase tenure in Section 8 housing. A study of the Psychogeriatric Assessment and Treatment in City Housing (PATCH) program found no significant difference between participants and comparison group members in nursing home placement (Rabins et al., 2000). On the other hand, an evaluation of the Service Coordinator Program (SCP) found that average length of occupancy was six months longer among residents of properties with HUD service coordination than for residents of similar developments without the program (Levine & Johns, 2008). The Resident Opportunities and Self-Sufficiency (ROSS) Resident Service Delivery Models (RSDM) for the Elderly and Persons with Disabilities (EPD) reported fewer evictions among program participants than residents in properties without the program. In the Colorado programs with enhanced services studied by Washko et al. (2007), residents said the program increased their confidence that they could maintain themselves in independent living.

  • Resident satisfaction--Many of the housing with services studies reported high levels of resident satisfaction with the program.

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