The following are especially useful resources for obtaining more information about many of the topics addressed in this chapter. Resources about Medicaid are identified in the following chapters.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1999). Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, MD: Author. (458 pages)
In 1999, the Surgeon General of the United States, in collaboration with SAMHSA and NIMH, released this groundbreaking, comprehensive report. The report covers a wide range of topics, including state-of-the-art information on serving individuals of all ages. Particularly relevant chapters include Adults and Mental Health and Organizing and Financing Mental Health Services. In 2001, the Surgeon General issued a follow-up report entitled Mental Health: Culture, Race and Ethnicity, A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. The 1999 report may be obtained at www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/home.html. The 2001 report may be accessed at www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/cre/.
Presidents New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America. DHHS Pub. No. SMA-03-3832. Rockville, MD: 2003
Established in April 2002, the Presidents New Freedom Commission on Mental Health was charged with assessing the status of mental health services and developing policy recommendations at the federal, state, and local levels regarding effective implementation of community-based mental health care, resource development, and general treatment of adults with a serious mental illness and children with a serious emotional disturbance. The Commissions final report was released in August 2003 and contains a series of findings that identify major problems in mental health policy, especially system fragmentation. The report contains numerous recommendations for improving the provision of community services and supporting community living for children and adults. The report may be obtained at www.mentalhealthcommission.gov/reports/reports.htm.
Frank, R., Goldman, H., & Hogan, M. (2003). Medicaid and Mental Health: Be Careful What You Ask For. Health Affairs 22(1): pp. 101-113.
This article traces the historical relationship between Medicaid and mental health services, highlighting the increasing role that Medicaid has taken as a funder of public mental health services and supports. The authors discuss the major factors leading to this rising Medicaid role, such as the deinstitutionalization movement and cost-shifting efforts by states. The article cautions about the effects of over reliance on Medicaid funding.
Carol Bianco and Susan Milstrey Wells (eds.) (2001). Overcoming Barriers to Community Integration for People with Mental Illnesses. Rockville MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration, Center for Mental Health Services. (68 pages).
This report describes many of the barriers that people with mental illnesses face in the community. It discusses funding streams that cross several dimensions of community living. The report may be obtained at www.olmsteadcommunity.org/OvercomingBarriers.pdf.