Determining what population will be served will depend in large part on the state's current long-term care system and its policy goals. Is assisted living intended to fill a gap in the current set of options? Will the target population be different from the population usually served in board and care facilities? Is assisted living intended to enable people who cannot be served in their homes to avoid institutionalization? Once these questions are answered, the state must decide which age groups will be served, and whether services will be designed to address the specialized needs of specific populations (e.g., persons with dementia). It is also crucial to make certain that licensing and other facility regulations in a given state match the target population. For example, if the state wants to target nursing home-eligible beneficiaries, the assisted living facilities will need to be able to serve a population with a nursing home level of need.