In the 1980s, Texas implemented a demonstration waiver program called the Frail Elderly Program, which provided only attendant services. Texas was the only state that participated in the demonstration and in the early 1990s when the program ended, federal law permitted Texas to retain the program as a personal care option under 1929(b) regulations, which essentially allow higher income eligibility criteria (300 percent of SSI) than is used for other Medicaid state plan services. However, clients served under the program are not eligible for any other Medicaid services, e.g., primary and acute medical care, prescription drugs, and home health services.
Although the program was called Frail Elderly, the statute allowed the program to serve persons of all ages. In 2003, the State changed the name of the program to the Community Attendant Services Program. The program's eligibility criteria and services are the same as for the Primary Home Care program. It currently serves 30,000 persons.