Use of TANF Work-Oriented Sanctions in Illinois, New Jersey, and South Carolina. How Do Sanctioned Recipients Fare?


In both Illinois and New Jersey, the majority of families who are sanctioned are back on TANF within a relatively short period of time. Many families never progress to a full-family sanction and the majority of those that do, return to TANF within a year. The number of fully sanctioned families who return to the TANF rolls is lower in South Carolina, possibly because of the lower grant amount and lower eligibility threshold. In New Jersey, where we have the most complete data on TANF receipt and employment for the year after a full family sanction is imposed, we find that families who are fully sanctioned experience some disruption in their income, but few show no connection to either the labor market or the welfare system (see Figure IV.1); families with no record of receiving TANF or working represent only 1.7 percent of the cohort of recipients examined for this study.

Figure IV.1.
The Sanction and Post-Sanction Status of TANF Recipients in New Jersey

Figure IV.1: The Sanction and Post-Sanction Status of TANF Recipients in New Jersey.

Note: All Percentage are based on the current caseload.

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