Unemployment Insurance as a Potential Safety Net for TANF Leavers: Evidence from Five States. Endnotes


(1) Although all TANF recipients exited for employment, some had low enough earnings or did not work for long enough to ever attain potential monetary UI eligibility.

(2) It is also higher than the estimate of 75 percent for New Jersey (Rangarajan et al. 2002). The difference could be explained by the inclusion in the New Jersey study sample of individuals who reported in the survey that they had found jobs, but who did not have any UI reported employment data. The analysis shows that, with the exclusion of these individuals from the New Jersey analysis, nearly 90 percent of the New Jersey sample of TANF recipients who exited for work would have attained monetary eligibility for UI at some point during the two-year period since TANF exit.

(3) Studies that have examined these individuals show that some of them receive Supplemental Security Income, some live with an employed spouse or partner, and some may receive other sources of income. Still others do not have any of these forms of support and have been variously called disconnected workers, or least-stable leavers (Loprest 2002; Wood and Rangarajan 2003; and Zedlewski et al. 2003).

(4) The New Jersey study had survey data on all sample members, which included information on reasons for job separation, as well as information on hours worked.

(5) The New Jersey data on reasons for job separation are based on a period of relatively strong economic conditions; fewer people might voluntarily quit their jobs when economic conditions are weaker.

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