Unemployment Insurance as a Potential Safety Net for TANF Leavers: Evidence from Five States. Endnotes


(1) As described in Chapter I, the wage replacement rate refers to the percentage of the claimant's weekly wages earned during the base period that would be replaced by UI benefits.

(2) While total base-year earnings seem to vary moderately across sites, as shown in Table IV.4, the variations become less significant when examined as weekly earnings, the unit in which UI benefit payments are determined.

(3) In the next chapter, we examine the sensitivity of average weekly benefit amounts that claimants can potentially receive to increase in the maximum weekly benefit amounts.

(4) While we do not have comparable data for the WtW evaluation states, we know that roughly one-quarter of New Jersey's entire UI caseload had weekly benefits at the maximum during the late 1990s and early 2000s. In that state, very few former welfare recipients had reached the maximum benefit levels. The difference between the two groups is driven by the generally low wages earned by the population of former TANF recipients. Based on these data, we suspect that the fraction of state UI caseloads obtaining weekly benefits at the maximum level is considerably larger in Arizona and Maryland than in the other WtW study states, as a relatively large fraction of the TANF recipients in our sample were at the maximum weekly benefit levels in those two study sites, compared with the other study sites.

(5) Pennsylvania has two flat durations (a 16-week duration and a 26-week duration) based on whether a claimant worked for less than or more than 18 weeks during the base period, counting weeks with earnings of at least $50 per week.

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