Understanding the Costs of the DOL Welfare-to-Work Grants Program. WtW Program Profile: West Virginia-HRD


WtW Operator/Program: Human Resources Development Foundation, Inc. (HRDF), Comprehensive Employment Program (CEP)

Grant Administrator: HRDF

Provider Background:HRDF is a private, nonprofit employment and training agency. Established in 1967, HRDF has been a long-standing Workforce Investment Act/Job Training Partnership Act contractor. Affiliated with, but not funded by, organized labor, HRDF is well connected to pre-apprenticeship and apprenticeship programs and has well-developed linkages with employers. HRDF provided WtW services for 26 of West Virginias 55 counties from six of its district offices.

Target Population: WtW-eligible residents in isolated rural areas

Statistics for the WtW Program Overall Vs. The Cost Analysis

  WtW Program Overall Cost Analysis Period
Period of Operations

1/4/99 to 6/30/01

1/1/00 to 12/31/00

Funding/Costs $4,934,876
(WtW grant/contract amount)
(total estimated costs for one year)
Enrollments Goal: 510 New: 85
Cumulative by end of period: 479
Unsubsidized Job Placements Goal: 332 New: 228

Welfare-to-Work Program Services

Outreach and Recruitment:The local Department of Health and Human Resources (DHHR) offices referred participants to HRDF for WtW services. The local HRDF district offices gave their intake schedule to their local DHHR offices. Before the scheduled intake date, the DHHR offices gave the HRDF district office a list of participants. The HRDF district office staff scheduled a group orientation at the local DHHR offices to explain the CEP program and to address issues that might interfere with participation. In addition, HRDF staff followed up with inactive participants and tried to reengage them.

Job Readiness and Case Management: All participants attended a four-week, 100-hour orientation and job readiness workshop, where they received job readiness instruction and occupational interest and aptitude assessments. Participants received a stipend of $1.60 an hour for their time in the workshop and traveling to and from the workshop, and they received a $25 gift certificate for completing the workshop.

Paid Temporary Employment:Participants not considered ready for unsubsidized jobs were placed in one of two work experience activities, where they usually worked 25 to 35 hours a week. One activity was with public or nonprofit organizations for up to six months. The number of hours the participants were expected to work was determined by their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and food stamp benefits and a $1.60 per hour stipend from HRDF. The other activity was with private employers, who were expected, but not required, to hire the participant at the end of a 160-hour placement. HRDF subsidized half of the wages paid to these participants. HRDF staff could also arrange for on-the-job training (OJT) positions to help participants gain entry to jobs. The OJT positions were for up to six months, and the employers were expected to hire the participant at the completion of the training. The program paid up to 50 percent of the participants wages.

Job Development and Placement:Work-ready participants conducted their own job search, with HRDF job developers providing them with some job leads and ongoing counseling.

Postplacement Followup: HRDF provided participants with job retention support and incentives. HRDF staff visited participants at the workplace at least twice a month for the first 180 days and called them monthly for the remaining 12 months. In addition, HRDF maintained a toll-free telephone number to make it easier for participants to call. HRDF supplemented the wages of participants who worked at least 30 hours a week in unsubsidized jobs and earned less than $7.75 an hour. The supplement scale brought the participants wages up to $7.75 the first eight weeks, $6.80 the second eight weeks, and $5.50 the third eight weeks. In addition, at the end of 90 and 180 days, participants in unsubsidized employment received $200 and $300, respectively, in the form of gift certificates or utility payments.

Support Services: HRDF provided support services not covered by DHHR, paying particular attention to transportation needs. In addition, HRDF support services covered the costs for child care/day care, work clothing, adult day care, drivers licenses (including drivers education), relocation, tools/equipment, grooming, and other job-related needs.

Other:HRDF offered assistance to help CEP participants address basic skills deficits, obtain GEDs, and undertake job education/training to enhance prospects for job retention and movement to higher-paying jobs.

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