The National Supported Work Demonstration was conducted during the WIN era, from 1975 to 1979, in 13 sites. The program provided a highly structured paid work experience component, along with job search training, placement assistance, and support services, to long-term AFDC recipients and other disadvantaged groups. The program led to statistically significant improvements in employment and income for AFDC recipients while they were in the program and during the postprogram period. Costs of the program were high: $11,572 in year 2000 dollars (Hollister et al. 1984). The requirement that the program operate businesses that provided appropriate work experience positions was a primary cause of the high costs.