Understanding the Costs of the DOL Welfare-to-Work Grants Program. IV. Welfare-to-Work Costs in Context


Over the past 40 years, welfare policies have increasingly emphasized work. Several generations of programs to help welfare recipients prepare for and enter employment have been implemented, reformed, rethought, and replaced. Programs funded under the WtW grants program are another step in this evolution. Comparison of program costs for WtW and earlier programs can suggest useful implications about the costs of future programs as they might emerge. In this final chapter, we address two questions:

1. How do WtW costs compare to those for similar interventions, and what are the reasons for differences?

2. What are possible implications of our findings for future programs?

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