Understanding Adoption Subsidies: An Analysis of AFCARS Data. Analysis Plan


The analyses in this report are descriptive, using tables and graphical representations of data to present results. Initial analyses presented in Section 3.1 describe the adopted child's demographic characteristics (gender, age, race, and ethnicity), time from TPR to adoption, and characteristics of the adoptive family (family structure, preadoptive parent-child relationship, mother's age, father's age, race/ethnicity differentials between child and parent). Section 3.2 presents analyses of special needs and the factors most commonly reported to satisfy the special needs criteria. Section 3.3 describes subsidy receipt rates, separately for federal plus state-funded and state only-funded subsidies and stratified by age group. Section 3.4 presents monthly subsidy amounts over the past 3 years, describes subsidy amounts by age and other factors to discern differences in amount received, and compares adoption subsidy amounts with foster care payment amounts.

Analyses in Section 3.5 use correlations among state-level measures to assess relationships among the practice and outcome measures identified in the model in Section 1-2. Finally, multivariate analyses described in Section 3.6 model the influence of child, adoptive family and state variables on subsidy receipt and subsidy amount.

To show the variation among states, many of the analyses presented in the report are also presented by state. State tabulations are shown in Tables A-1 through A-10 in Appendix A. States with high levels of missing or invalid data for specific variables are identified on each table.

Text discussion describes variation among states and patterns among the 10 states with the largest number of adoptions during FY 2001 (in order, California, Illinois, New York, Michigan, Texas, Ohio, Florida, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and Washington). Although the composition of this group varies slightly from one year to the next, these 10 states also had the largest number of adoptions across the FY 1999-2001 period. These states together account for more than 60 percent of adoptions nationally. According to CWLA, four states have a larger general population of children compared to Washington; two of these have a larger population compared to North Carolina (Child Welfare League of America, 2004). And although six states have a larger number of children in out-of-home care compared to Washington; Washington has a higher percentage of children in out-of-home care who were adopted compared to those six states. The number of children in out-of-home care in North Carolina was not reported on this Web site.

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