UI as a Safety Net for Former TANF Recipients. Endnotes

03/01/2008

(1) Application rates among TANF leavers may be influenced by state rules requiring UI application to re-qualify for TANF cash assistance.

(2) The UI benefit year is the 52 week period starting with the benefit year begin (BYB) date. It is the time period during which available benefits resulting from a UI claim can be collected. The BYB date is the Sunday date in the week during which an application, or claim, for UI benefits is submitted to the state UI agency.

(3) Regression-adjusted differences are computed in models that include controls for: age, sex, race, multiple prior employers, number of quarters of TANF receipt prior to exit, change in county unemployment rate, indicator variables for occupational groups, calendar quarter time dummy variables, and regional indicator variables.

(4) The principle involved is that while an initial disqualification may be due to unacceptable behavior on the part of the claimant, continued joblessness is a consequence of conditions in the labor market. Each state has specific rules for UI monetary qualification after a definite denial for benefits. For the four states involved in this study the rules are: Florida, earnings of 17 times the client’s weekly benefit amount (WBA); Michigan, earning the lesser of seven times the client’s WBA or seven times 40 times Michigan’s minimum wage (7 x 40 x MI minimum wage); Ohio, having six weeks of work in covered employment with the amount of wages in each week at least 27.5 percent of the state’s average weekly wage; and for Texas, by earning six times the client’s WBA (USDOL 2001). Additionally, after a definite denial and adequate additional earnings and employment, the job separation must satisfy non-monetary eligibility requirements.

(5) Regression-adjusted differences are computed in models which include controls for: age, sex, race, multiple prior employers, number of quarters of TANF receipt prior to exit, change in county unemployment rate, indicator variables for occupational groups, calendar quarter time dummy variables, and regional indicator variables.

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