Tribal Self-governance Demonstration Feasibility Study. Appendix F


Agency Program Tribal Funding FY 2001 Program Purpose Tribal/Beneficiary Eligibility Tribal Allocation Formula Matching Requirements Allowable Indirect and Administrative Cost Rates
AoA Grants for Native Americans $23m. of $23m.(1) Provide congregate & home delivered meals and supportive services. Tribal - Tribes (or groups of Tribes) w/50 or more Indians aged 60 or over.

Beneficiary - Each tribe may define what an "older Indian" is for purposes of receiving services.

Awards are determined by a formula based on the number of elders, age 60 and over, within the tribally designated services area. In FY 2001, tribes with 50-100 elders received $69,100; 101-200 elders, $78,420; 201-300elders, $89,040; 301-400elders, $100,350; 401-500 elders, $110,980; 501-1,500 elders, $128,550; more than 1,500 elders, $168,800. None Tribes may use their negotiated indirect cost rate (currently the maximum negotiated for any tribe is 67 percent).
SAMHSA Mental Health and Substance Abuse Prevention & Treatment Targeted Capacity Expansion Approx. $41m for all tribes. Plan, carry out, and evaluate mental health and substance abuse prevention and treatment activities. Indian tribes and Tribal organizations.

Beneficiary - Individuals requiring mental health and substance abuse prevention and treatment services.

None None Negotiated rate.
ACF Tribal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families $ 78m.(2) of $16,689m. Provide assistance to needy families; end dependence; reduce out of wedlock pregnancies; and support two-parent families. Tribal - All federally-recognized tribes in the lower 48 and 13 specified entities in Alaska are eligible.

Beneficiary - Tribe decides who to serve and sets income caps for eligibility. A Tribal member may chose whether to be served by the State or the Tribe. The Tribe may, with agreement w/State also serve non-Indians.

Based on the total Federal payments attributable to State expenditures, including administrative costs (which includes systems costs) for FY 1994 under the former AFDC, Emergency Assistance and Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training programs, paid on behalf of Indian families residing in the geographic service area or areas identified in the Tribal Family Assistance Plan. In addition, some States provide some matching funds to tribes which the states count toward their maintenance of effort requirement. None Administrative cost (which include indirect cost) may not exceed an ACF/Tribal negotiated cap. Negotiated rate cannot exceed: 35% in 1st year of grant; 30% in 2nd year of grant; and 25% thereafter.
ACF Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program $ 12m.(3) of $2,000m. Help low income households meet the costs of heating and cooling their homes. Tribal - Federally and State recognized tribes and tribal organizations designated by eligible tribes.

Beneficiary - Low income households. Grantees set eligibility criteria for low income households; household income cannot exceed the greater of 150% of the poverty level in the State or 60% of State median income; or the household must receive TANF, food stamps, SSI, or need-tested veterans' benefits.

Each Tribe is eligible to receive from the State share an amount that equals the ratio of number of eligible Indian households residing in the State on the reservation (or trust lands adjacent to the reservation) to the number of eligible state households, or such greater amount as the Tribe and State may negotiate. For non-reservation tribes, HHS, in consultation with the tribe and State, defines the number of Indian households. Most States agree to tribal allocations that are greater than the the statutorily mandated minimum; some States voluntarily assist tribal households if Tribal funds run out. None For tribes and tribal organizations with allotments of $20,000 or less, the limitation on planning and administration cost is 20% of funds payable and not transferred for use under another block grant; and for grantees with allotments over $20,000 the limitation on the cost of planning and administration is $4,000 plus 10% of the amount of funds payable (and not transferred for use under another block grant) that exceeds $20,000.
ACF Community Services Block Grant $ 4m of $600m. Assist low-income individuals and families in rural and urban areas to become self-sufficient. Tribal - Federally and State qualified Tribes and Tribal organizations designated by eligible tribes.

Beneficiary - Poor individuals/families at or below the annual poverty line, or at the tribe's discretion, up to 125% of the official poverty line, if the tribe determines that would better serve the CSBG program.

For Tribes receiving direct HHS grants: the Secretary reserves from the State allotment at least an amount equal to the ratio that the population of all eligible Indians at or below poverty line bears to the population of all individuals eligible for assistance in the State. Except for small number of States that voluntarily negotiate higher amounts, funding is exclusively based on statutory formula. None Tribal grantee administrative expenses, comparable to the administrative expenses incurred by States at the State level, are capped at the greater of 5% of the grantee's CSBG allotment, or the grantee's CSBG allotment multiplied by the ratio of $55,000 to the smallest state allotment for that fiscal year.
ACF Child Care Development Fund(4) $ 91m.(5) of $4,567m. Assist low-income families with child care, promote parental choice, provide consumer education, support working parents, & implement health/safety standards Tribal - Federally recognized tribes, tribal organizations and consortia.

Beneficiary - Services for children under 13 (or, at the option of grantee, 19, if disabled or under court supervision) who reside in a family whose income does not exceed 85% of the State median (or 50% of the Tribal median income) and whose parents are working or attending job training.

Discretionary - Secretary reserves between one and two percent of the annual appropriation for Tribes/Tribal organizations. Each tribe receives a base amount of $20,000 and, for each child in the tribe under age 13, a per child amount determined by dividing the amount of funds available for all tribes by the total number of Indian children living on or near the tribal reservations or other appropriate areas served by the tribal grantee.

Mandatory - Secretary reserves up to 2% of amount appropriated under section 418(a)(3) of the Social Security Act for tribes. Each tribe receives an amount per Indian child under age 13. The per child amount is determined by dividing the total amount of funds available to tribes by the total number of Indian children in the tribal service areas, including Indian children living on or near reservations with the exception of tribes in Alaska, California and Oklahoma.

None Administrative costs are limited to 15% of grant amounts, excluding the discretionary base amount which can be used for any activity in accordance with the purposes of the program. Program has declassified some administrative functions so they may be funded under the 85% services portion.
ACF Native Employment Works $8m. of $8m. To make work activities available to grantee designated service populations and service areas. Tribal - Federally recognized tribes and Alaska Native organizations that operated a tribal JOBS programs in FY 1995.

Beneficiary - Unemployed and underemployed individuals as determined by the grantee.

NEW grant awards for each eligible tribe are set by law at the FY 1994 tribal JOBS funding level for that tribe. None No restrictions; may use the negotiated indirect cost rates. Also no statutory or regulatory limits on administrative costs.
ACF Head Start $171m. (6) of $6,200m Promote school readiness of low-income children and their families. Tribal - Any Indian tribe which meets the qualification requirements may apply for grant funds.

Beneficiary - Generally, children from low-income families; however, under certain conditions, over 10% of children enrolled in a Tribe's program may be from families whose incomes exceed the low-income guidelines.

Secretary determines award. Annual funding decisions are based on historic performance, proportional cost of living and quality improvements increments, and judgements about value/cost of expansion proposals. Except in AK and OK, most funding is for reservation-based services. Funding levels are based mostly on historical amounts raised to account for inflation; however, negotiations take place over new services or to pay for one-time needs. 20% matching requirement, cash or in kind; may be waived in whole or in part under certain circumstances. Total of 15% of grant (including non-Federal share) may be for administrative or development costs; a waiver for up to 12 months can be given. The program reviews applications for and permits payment under the 15% limit for specified categories of functions (payroll systems, administrative office rent, etc.) whether claimed as a direct or indirect cost.
ACF Child Welfare Services (Title IV-B, Subpart 1) $ 5m.(7) of $292m. Strengthening child welfare services. Tribal - Tribes and consortia are eligible for funds.

Beneficiary - Services are available to children and their families without regard to income or length of residence.

Tribal awards are derived by dividing the State's Title IVB allotment by the number of children in the State, then multiplying the result by a number determined by the Secretary (currently 3), then multiplying this result by number of Indian children (an individual under age 21) in the Tribe's population. 25%, but may use the Indian Self-Determin-ation and Educa-tional Assistance & CSBG funds to match. Negotiated rate.
ACF Promoting Safe and Stable Families (Title IV-B, Subpart 2) $ 3m.(8) of $305m. Family preservation, family support, time limited reunification and adoption support services. Tribal - Tribes are eligible. 63 tribes funded in 2001

Beneficiary - Services are available to children and their families without regard to income or length of residence.

1% of the mandatory funds and 2% of discretionary funds appropriated is set aside for tribes. Tribal share is based on the ratio of the number of children (an individual under age 21) in a Tribe with an approved plan to the number of all children in all Tribes with approved plans. No tribe may be funded if its allotment would be less than $10,000. 25%, but may use the Indian Child Welfare, Indian Self-Determination and Educational Assistance & CSBG funds to match. Negotiated rate.
ACF Family Violence Prevention and Services; Grants for Battered Women's Shelters $12m. of $117m. To prevent family violence and provide shelter & related assistance for victims of family violence and their dependents. Tribal - All Federally recognized Indian Tribes, tribal organizations and nonprofit private organizations approved by and an Indian tribe which have submitted applications containing statutorily prescribed documentation and assurances.

Beneficiary - Statutory provisions prohibit the use of income eligibility standards; the use of funds for direct payments to family violence victims or their dependents. Statute also requires non-discrimination on the bases of sex, religion, age disability, etc. in conducting any program or activity wholly or partially funded with FVPSA funds.

At least 10% of the appropriation for grants for battered women's shelters is allocated to Tribes and Tribal entities.

An individual Tribe's allocation consists of two parts: a base amount and a share of the remaining funds; both derived from the Tribal population.

1. For the base amount, a Tribe with 1,500 or fewer members receives $1,500; one with 1,501-3,000 receives $3,000; one with 3,001-4,000 receives $4,000. The 1,000member/$1,000 increments then continue until Tribes of 50,001-100,000 receive $50,000 and Tribes with 100,001-150,000 receive $100,000.

2. The remaining funds are added to a Tribe's base amount in proportion to the ratio of the Tribe's population to the entire population of Tribes with acceptable applications.

Entities other than States or Tribes must provide non-Federal match of 20% with respect to an existing program and 35% with respect to a new program. Statute is silent on limits on administrative or indirect costs; however, Tribes must spend at least 70% of the grant on emergency shelter and related assistance, including at least 25% of the grant or related assistance as defined by the statute.