Trends in the Well-Being of America's Children and Youth, 1997. PF 1.4 Race/Ethnicity composition

04/01/1997

The United States has become increasingly racially and culturally diverse over the last three decades, and is projected to become even more so in the decades to come. Table PF 1.4 presents the racial and ethnic composition of Americas children from 1960 to 1996, and includes projections of likely changes in that composition through the year 2020 as estimated by the Bureau of the Census. As Figure PF 1.4 illustrates, as recently as 1980, nearly three-quarters (74 percent) of all children in this country were non-Hispanic whites. This proportion diminished to 66 percent in 1996, and is expected to continue a steady downward trend until, by the year 2020, non-Hispanic whites will constitute just over one half (55 percent) of all U.S. children. The historical trend for all whites is similar though less dramatic, since Hispanics comprise an increasingly large proportion of the white population (see Table PF 1.4).

As of 1996, blacks constituted the largest minority population group at 16 percent of the total child population. (see Table PF 1.4). They were followed by Hispanics at 14 percent, Asian Americans at 4 percent, and Native Americans at 1 percent. By the year 2010, Hispanics are projected to be 19 percent of the child population, supplanting blacks as the largest minority group in the child population. By the year 2020, more than one in five American children are expected to be Hispanic, nearly double the proportion in 1990. The Asian American population is also expected to continue its rapid growth, increasing from 4 percent in 1996 to 6 percent by the year 2020.

 

Figure PF 1.4  
Percentage Distribution of U.S. Children by Race/Ethnicity: 1980-2020

FIGPF1_4.GIF

Note: Population estimates for July 1.

Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 519 Estimates of the Population of the United States by Age, Sex, and Race: April, 1960 to July 1, 1973. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 1095, U.S. Population Estimates, by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1980-1991. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, release, PPL-41, United States Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin 1990 to 1995 and updated tables, Appendix A. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 1130, Projections of the Population of the United States by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1995 to 2050.
 

Table PF 1.4 
Percentage Distribution of U.S. Children Under 18 by Race/Ethnicity: 
19602020

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
         
Projected
 
1960
1970
1980
1990
1996
2000
2010
2020
 
               
 
               
White
86
85
82
80
79
78
76
75
White, non-Hispanic
--
--
74
69
66
64
59
55
Black
13
14
15
15
16
16
17
17
Hispanic
--
--
9
12
14
16
19
22
Asian American
--
--
2
3
4
4
6
6
Native American
--
--
1
1
1
1
1
1
                 
Note: All population estimates for July 1.  

Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 519 "Estimates of the Population of the United States by Age, Sex, and Race: April, 1960 to July 1, 1973. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-25 No. 1095, "U.S. Population Estimates, by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1980-1991." U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, release, PPL-41, "United States Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin 1990 to 1995" and updated tables, Appendix A. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 1130, "Projections of the Population of the United States by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1995 to 2050.

 

 

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