Trends in the Well-Being of America's Children and Youth, 2000. SD 1.7 Youth Violent Crime Arrest Rates (8)

01/01/2000

The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Violent Crime Index includes murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.9 The rate of youth arrests for these Index crimes increased substantially between 1980 and 1994, from 334 to 527 per 100,000 persons ages 10 through 17, and has been declining since to where it stood in 1998 at 370 per 100,000 persons ages 10 through 17 (see Table SD 1.7).

Differences by Age and Gender. Arrest rates for Violent Index crimes have consistently been much higher among males than among females over time and across all ages (see Figure SD 1.7). Rates for both males and females increased considerably between 1980 and 1994 for males and 1995 for females, with declines in the past several years for both genders. In 1998, rates for males and females age 10–17 were 597 and 130 per 100,000, respectively (see Table SD 1.7).

Youth Violent Crime Index arrest rates climb quickly and steadily with age for males, from 124 per 100,000 for 10- through 12-year-olds to 1,356 per 100,000 among 17-year-olds in 1998 (see Table SD 1.7). The rates for young women in 1998 also increase with age, with 234 arrests per 100,000, for females age 17. Girls ages 10 through 12 are the least likely to be arrested for violent crimes, with only 26 per 100,000 arrested in 1998.

 

8 Arrests for violent crimes were chosen in preference to other arrest measures as an indicator both because of the particular hazards that violent crime represents to our society and because arrests for violent crimes are less likely to be affected over time by changes in police practice and policy than other types of crime.
9 Violent crimes in addition to the four included in the FBI's Violent Crime Index, including kidnapping, extortion, and forcible sodomy, are not included in this indicator.

 

Table SD 1.7 Violent crimea arrest rates for youth ages 10 through 17b in the United States, by gender and age (per 100,000): Selected years, 1980-1998

  1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Total
Ages 10-17 334 303 428 461 482 504 527 518 460 443 370
Ages 10-12 46 56 71 79 85 86 92 91 80 83 76
Ages 13-14 261 252 368 405 444 460 493 469 405 398 329
Age 15 504 446 670 732 768 826 855 823 723 667 547
Age 16 639 566 876 935 993 1,026 1,053 1,031 896 869 696
Age 17 740 651 983 1,066 1,056 1,109 1,111 1,113 1,013 944 814
Male
Ages 10-17 587 528 736 792 819 851 881 859 760 726 597
Ages 10-12 81 99 119 134 144 144 153 149 132 137 124
Ages 13-14 445 425 601 664 720 739 787 744 640 622 507
Age 15 876 769 1,136 1,241 1,280 1,373 1,406 1,337 1,173 1,072 865
Age 16 1,131 994 1,521 1,620 1,711 1,755 1,785 1,730 1,500 1,440 1,135
Age 17 1,322 1,159 1,740 1,888 1,853 1,930 1,922 1,914 1,722 1,600 1,356
Female
Ages 10-17 70 67 105 112 127 140 153 158 144 144 130
Ages 10-12 10 12 19 21 23 25 27 29 26 26 26
Ages 13-14 70 71 123 132 153 167 183 181 159 163 143
Age 15 117 108 177 195 228 248 272 279 248 239 211
Age 16 125 117 192 207 230 252 274 287 254 261 229
Age 17 130 116 178 191 205 232 246 257 254 242 234

a Violent crimes include murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
b Rates were calculated assuming the age profile of the FBI's reporting sample was consistent with the profile of the U.S. resident population in that year.
Note: Estimates in this table may not be comparable to estimates provided in previous issues of Trends in the Well-Being of America’s Children and Youth due to changes in the population estimates provided by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.
Source: Snyder, 2000.

 

Figure SD 1.7 Violent crime a arrest rates for youth ages 10 through 17 in the United States, by gender (rate per 100,000): 1980-1998

a Violent crimes include murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
Note: Estimates in this figure may not be comparable to estimates provided in previous issues of Trends in the Well-Being of America’s Children and Youth due to changes in the population estimates provided by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.
Sources: Special analysis by Howard N. Snyder, National Center for Juvenile Justice, 1999, using published and unpublished arrest data from the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Program and population data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census. A portion of these data was originally published in Snyder, 1998.

 

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