Trends in the Well-Being of America's Children and Youth, 2000. HC 2.9 Serious Violent Victimization of Teens

01/01/2000

Serious violent crimes include aggravated assaults,39 rape, and robbery (stealing by force or threat of violence). In order to keep track of the incidence of these and other crimes, the Bureau of Justice Statistics has been administering the National Crime Victimization Survey on an annual basis since 1972.

Among youth ages 12 to 17, rates of victimization for violent crimes remained relatively constant from 1980 to 1994, ranging from 34.3 to 43.8 per thousand.40 Between 1994 and 1998, the rate dropped from 41.3 to 24.6 per 1,000 (see Table HC 2.9).

Differences by Gender. Male youth are considerably more likely than female youth to be victims of violent crimes. In 1998, 32.2 per 1,000 males ages 12 through 17 were victims of violent crimes, compared with 16.5 per 1,000 females (see Figure HC 2.9).

Differences by Race. The rate of violent victimization of white teens ranged from 25.5 to 40.1 per 1,000 between 1980 and 1998, in comparison to 30.4 to 77.0 per 1,000 for black youth. Black youth have consistently been more likely than white youth to be victims of violent crimes. In 1998, 31.0 black youths per 1,000 were victims of violent crime, compared with 24.2 per 1,000 among white youth ages 12 through 17 (see Table HC 2.9).

Table HC 2.9 Serious violent victimizationa of youth ages 12 through 17 in the United States (rates per 1,000), by age, race, and gender: Selected years, 1980-1998

  1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Age
  12-17 years 37.6 34.3 43.2 40.7 38.8 43.8 41.3 28.3 30.3 27.1 24.6
  12-14 years 33.4 28.1 41.2 37.8 37.6 38.0 34.5 26.7 24.9 23.5 20.4
  15-17 years 41.4 40.3 45.2 43.6 40.1 49.9 48.5 30.0 35.8 30.7 28.6
Race
  White 34.1 34.4 37.0 40.1 35.2 40.0 38.0 25.5 27.7 27.6 24.2
  Black 60.2 35.2 77.0 48.0 54.3 71.5 63.0 44.5 43.4 30.4 31.0
  Other 21.7 28.8 37.3 25.0 48.7 17.6 27.5 23.7 31.2 9.7 11.7
Gender
  Male 54.8 49.8 60.5 60.7 49.8 53.9 51.5 39.0 40.4 33.1 32.2
  Female 19.7 18.2 24.9 19.6 27.2 33.1 30.6 17.0 19.7 20.8 16.5

a Serious violent victimization is defined as being a victim of a violent crime, including aggravated assaults, rape, and robbery (stealing by force or threat of violence).

 

Notes: Because of changes made in the victimization survey, data prior to 1992 are adjusted to make them comparable with data collected under the redesigned methodology. Victimization rates were calculated using population estimates from the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports. Such population estimates normally differ somewhat from population estimates derived from survey data. The rates may therefore differ marginally from rates based upon survey-derived population estimates.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey, 1980-1997, Table BEH4.A.


 

Figure HC 2.9 Serious violent victimizationa of youth ages 12 through 17 in the United States (rates per 1,000), by gender: 1980-1998​

 

Figure HC 2.9 Serious violent victimizationa of youth ages 12 through 17 in the United States (rates per 1,000), by gender: 1980-1998

a Serious violent victimization is defined as being a victim of a violent crime, including aggravated assaults, rape, and robbery (stealing by force or threat of violence).

Notes: Because of changes made in the victimization survey, data prior to 1992 are adjusted to make them comparable with data collected under the redesigned methodology. Victimization rates were calculated using population estimates from the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports. Such population estimates normally differ somewhat from population estimates derived from survey data. The rates may therefore differ marginally from rates based upon surveyderived population estimates.

Source: Source: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey, 1980-1997, and unpublished tables.


39 Previous editions of this report have included simple assaults in the rates of violent victimization.

40 The estimate of 34.1, for 1984, is not shown in Table HC 2.10 but does appear in Figure HC 2.10.

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