Trends in the Well-Being of America's Children and Youth, 2000. HC 2.5 Overweight Prevalence Among Children and Adolescents

01/01/2000

Persons who are overweight in adolescence are at greater risk of being overweight as adults, and adults who are overweight are at higher risk of numerous health problems, including hypertension, coronary heart disease, gallbladder disease, noninsulin-dependent diabetes, and some cancers.30 Because being overweight in childhood and adolescence increases the risk of being overweight in adulthood, the trends in overweight prevalence among children and youth have become an important public health concern. Overall, the percentage of children ages 6 through 17 who are overweight has increased more than twofold since the 1960s, with the largest increases seen since 1980 (see Table HC 2.5).31

Differences by Age. In the earliest period shown in Table HC 2.5 (1963-1965), 5 percent of children ages 6 through 11 were overweight, with this percentage rising to 13.6 percent in the last period (1988-1994). Similar increases are shown among older children ages 12 through 17, although overweight prevalence has been about two percentage points lower for older children in the later time periods.

Differences by Gender. In the latest time period (1988-1994), 14.7 percent of males ages 6 through 11 were overweight, compared with 12.6 percent of females; 12.4 percent of males ages 12 through 17 were overweight, compared with 10.5 percent of females.

Differences by Race. In later years, overweight prevalence among male children (ages 6 through 11) and adolescents (ages 12 through 17) ranges within one percentage point between black and white males. The percentage of overweight black female children and adolescents is nearly six percentage points above that of their white peers (see Figure HC 2.5).

Table HC 2.5 Percentage of overweighta children and adolescents in the United States, by age, gender, and race:b Selected years, 1963-1994

  1963-1965 1966-1970 1971-1974 1976-1980 1988-1994
Ages 6-11
Total 5.0 5.5 7.6 13.6
Male 4.9 6.5 8.1 14.7
White 5.4 6.6 8.1 14.6
Black 1.7 5.6 8.6 15.1
Female 5.2 4.4 7.1 12.6
White 5.1 4.4 6.5 11.7
Black 5.3 4.5 11.5 17.4
Ages 12-17
Total 5.0 6.2 5.6 11.4
Male 5.0 5.3 5.3 12.4
White 5.2 5.5 5.3 13.1
Black 3.6 4.4 6.0 12.1
Female 5.0 7.2 6.0 10.5
White 4.8 6.6 5.4 10.0
Black 6.4 10.5 10.2 16.1

a Overweight is defined as body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile BMI cutoff points calculated at 6-month age intervals for children ages 6 through 11 [from the 1963-1965 National Health Examination Survey (NHES)] and for adolescents ages 12 through 17 (from the 1966-70 NHES). Age is at time of examination at mobile examination center. This definition differs from that reported in earlier versions of this report, which was based on children at or above the 85th percentile of BMI.

b Totals for male and female children and adolescents include data for race groups not shown separately. Sources: Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics, 1998, Health, United States, 1998, With Socioeconomic Status and Health Chartbook, Table 71; Estimates were calculated from the National Health Examination Survey (1963-1965 for ages 6 through 11, and 1966-1970 for ages 12 through 17) and from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; 1971-1974 for NHANES I, 1976-1980 for NHANES II, and 1988-1994 for NHANES III).


Figure HC 2.5 Percentage of overweighta adolescents (ages 12 through 17) in the United States, by gender and race: 1976-1980 and 1988-1994

Figure HC 2.5 Percentage of overweighta adolescents (ages 12 through 17) in the United States, by gender and race: 1976-1980 and 1988-1994

a Overweight is defined as body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile BMI cutoff points calculated at 6-month age intervals for children ages 6 through 11 [from the 1963-1965 National Health Examination Survey (NHES)] and for adolescents ages 12 through 17 (from the 1966-70 NHES). Age is at time of examination at mobile examination center. This definition differs from that reported in earlier versions of this report, which was based on children at or above the 85th percentile of BMI.

Source: Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics, 1998, Health, United States, 1998.


30 Troiano, R.P., Flegal, K.M., Kuczmarski, R.J., Campbell, S.M., & Johnson, C.L. 1995. Overweight Prevalence and Trends for Children and Adolescents: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1963-1991. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 149 (October).

31 Overweight is defined as body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile BMI cutoff points calculated at 6-month age intervals for children ages 6 through 11 [from the 1963-65 National Health Examination Survey (NHES)] and for adolescents ages 12 through 17 (from the 1966-70 NHES). Age is at time of examination at mobile examination center. This definition differs from that reported in earlier versions of this report, which was based on children at or above the 85th percentile of BMI.

View full report

Preview
Download

"intro.pdf" (pdf, 633.22Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"PF1.pdf" (pdf, 391.08Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"PF2.pdf" (pdf, 574.76Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"PF3.pdf" (pdf, 554.29Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ES1.pdf" (pdf, 338.59Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ES2.pdf" (pdf, 555.35Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ES3.pdf" (pdf, 582.37Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ES4.pdf" (pdf, 555.87Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"HC1.pdf" (pdf, 373.14Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"HC2.pdf" (pdf, 725.89Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"HC3.pdf" (pdf, 586.99Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"SD1.pdf" (pdf, 607.16Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"SD2.pdf" (pdf, 628.97Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"SD3.pdf" (pdf, 722.74Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"SD4.pdf" (pdf, 689.79Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"EA1.pdf" (pdf, 429.55Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"EA2.pdf" (pdf, 633.06Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"EA3.pdf" (pdf, 648.96Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Glossary.pdf" (pdf, 291.75Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Biblio.pdf" (pdf, 318.68Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®