Trends in the Use of Early Care and Education, 1995-2011: Descriptive Analysis of Child Care Arrangements from National Survey Data. Trends among infants and toddlers


Trends in the use of public and private ECE among children under age three tell an entirely different story (these data are available in the NHES only).  As shown in Figure 17, the NHES reported an increase in the use of centers with a family payment for infants and toddlers from nine to 16 percent from 1995 to 2005, and no change in the use of centers without a family payment.  The increase in center-based care that occurred among infants and toddlers was driven by increased private enrollment in centers for which families paid.  The rate of participation in centers without a family payment remained very low for infants and toddlers across this time period and these trends highlight the lack of availability of public ECE options for infants and toddlers.

Figure 14. Children Ages 3 and 4 in Public and Private Preschool

Figure 15. Children Age 3 in Public and Private Preschool

Figure 16. Children Age 4 in Public and Private Preschool

Figure 17. Children Under Age 3 in Centers With and Without Payment

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