Trends in the Use of Early Care and Education, 1995-2011: Descriptive Analysis of Child Care Arrangements from National Survey Data. Summary Table: Overall ECE Participation by Demographic Subgroup

03/31/2014

Demographic characteristics More likely in preschool/center care (comparison group is diametric subgroup, unless otherwise specified) More likely in private preschool/center care with a family payment (comparison group is diametric subgroup unless otherwise specified)
 Children from higher-income families (CPS & NHES) 

 ✓   

 ✓   

Children with employed mothers (CPS & NHES)

 ✓   

 ✓   

Children with more highly educated mothers (CPS)

 ✓   

 ✓   

Children with native-born mothers (CPS)

 ✓   

 ✓   

Children with married mothers (CPS)

 ✓   

 ✓   

White, Black and Asian Children (CPS)*

 ✓   

 

White and Asian Children (CPS) **

 ✓   

 ✓   

* Compared to Latino children

** Compared to Black and Latino children; note that Black children were more likely to be in private preschool than Latino children

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