Trends in the Use of Early Care and Education, 1995-2011: Descriptive Analysis of Child Care Arrangements from National Survey Data. Participation in Public and Private Early Care and Education


Not only were there differences in the degree to which families access center and non-center care based on child age, family income, and other demographic characteristics, there was also wide variation in children’s enrollment in public and private early care and education (ECE).  This section focuses on trends in children’s attendance in both private ECE for which families pay, and public options that may not require a family financial contribution. Note that to be consistent with survey wording, we use “public” and “private” in referring to the CPS data and “centers with payment” or “without payment” to refer to the NHES data.  These definitions are outlined above in our Definition of Terms within the Data Sources and Methodology section of this report.

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