Tracking Welfare Reform: Designing Followup Studies of Recipients Who Leave Welfare. Questions for Followup Studies of Families that Leave Welfare


  • How many recipients find jobs?
  • What wages are former recipients paid?
  • How many hours a week do former recipients work?
  • Do former recipients have health insurance or other benefits?
  • Do former recipients stay in their jobs?
  • Do former recipients advance to better-paying, higher skilled jobs?
  • When former recipients change jobs, do they end up with better jobs or the same kind of jobs?
  • If former recipients lose their jobs, what are the causes?
  • Are recipients with certain characteristics, such as low levels of education or young children, less likely to leave welfare or more likely to return after leaving?
  • For those former recipients who do not find jobs, what kinds of barriers do they still face?
  • How many former recipients change households, moving in with families, husbands, or boyfriends? Does this change improve their ability to support their family?
  • Has the well-being of children in the families changed? (e.g., health status, school readiness, educational achievement?
  • How many families experience hardships or deprivation?
  • How many families are unable to make rent payments, are late on utility payments, or are running out of money for food?
  • How many former recipients continue to participate in or return to social service programs including food stamps, Medicaid, child care, transportation, child welfare, and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)?
  • Are recipients who have been sanctioned more likely to return to welfare than those who leave for other reasons?
  • Are the children in families that leave welfare at higher risk for abuse and neglect and foster care placement?