Targeted Help for the Hard-to-Employ: Outcomes of Two Philadelphia Welfare-to-Work Programs. Interpretation of Findings and Study Conclusions


The differences in overall characteristics of RSC and TWC participants, economic conditions at the time of participation, and other observable factors discussed in the previous chapter are likely to accountВ  at least in partВ  for the differences in employment, earnings, and TANF receipt outcomes found for participants in these two programs.В  We use multivariate statistical analysis techniques to help explain the differences in the outcomes of RSC and TWC participants.В  Only an experimental design evaluation could determine conclusively the extent to which the RSC and TWC programs contribute to participant outcomes.В  Nevertheless, given the evidence available from our analyses, we also discuss possible implications of our study findings for future programs.В 

We have organized the discussions in this chapter around two broad sets of questions:

  • What factors help explain the differences in RSC and TWC outcomes? В What factors are most important in explaining the differences in outcomes between RSC and TWC participants?В  How much of the difference can be explained?
  • How can our findings help inform future programs?В  What factors are associated with program success?В  How might programs such as the TWC and RSCs better identify and serve participants needs?

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