HUD/HHS/VA Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness: Is System Integration Associated with Client Outcomes?. Client characteristics bivariately associated with network measures

06/15/2007

Table 4.
Client characteristics bivariately associated with network measures (i.e., baseline covariates)

(Pearson correlation coefficients)
  Best
practices
Services
planning
Trust Exchange
of resources
Program eligibility
 % homeless > 1 year n.s. -.11 ** n.s. n.s.
 % homeless 4+ periods n.s. -.15 *** n.s. -.08 *
 % with substance abuse problem n.s. n.s. -.15 *** n.s.
 % with alcohol problem n.s. n.s. -.14 *** n.s.
 % with drug problem n.s. n.s. -.08 * -.11 **
 % mental health problem n.s. n.s. .17 *** n.s.
 % with medical problem n.s. n.s. -.09 * n.s.
 % with developmental disability n.s. n.s. n.s. -.17 ***
Demographics
Age n.s. .08 * n.s. n.s.
Minority -.09 * n.s. -.12 ** n.s.
Divorced -.07 * n.s. n.s. n.s.
Housing
No. days housed (own, else’s, hotel) (past 90)  .15 *** .11 ** n.s. -.15 ***
No. days in residential treatment n.s. n.s. n.s. .08 *
No. days in hospital .09 * .08 * .10 ** n.s.
No. days in prison/jail n.s. n.s. .11 ** n.s.
   No. days in an institution n.s. n.s. n.s. .08 *
No. days homeless (shelter/outdoors) -.16 *** n.s. n.s. n.s.
% housed at baseline .14 *** n.s. -.09 * -.15 ***
Employment
Work history (past 3 yrs.)
   Regular job (part-time or full-time) n.s. .08 * .16 *** n.s.
   Unemployed n.s. -.14 *** -.16 *** n.s.
   Other n.s. n.s. n.s. -.09 *
Hrs worked per wk (past 30) -.08 * n.s. n.s. n.s.
% volunteered (past 30) n.s. -.09 * n.s. n.s.
Hrs volunteered per wk (past 30) n.s. -.11 ** n.s. n.s.
Income
Ever recvd SSI/SSDI/GA n.s. .13 *** n.s. n.s.
% recvd any public support (SSI/SSDI/GA/food stamps/VA sc disab) (past 30) n.s. n.s. n.s. -.11 **
% recvd SSI/SSDI/GA (past 30 days) n.s. .12 ** n.s. n.s.
Public support income (past 30 days) .13 *** .15 *** n.s. n.s.
Total income (past 30) .14 *** .19 *** n.s. n.s.
% having money manager .33 *** .23 *** .09 * -.15 ***
Physical health
No. medical problems (0-27) n.s. n.s. n.s. -.09 *
No. med problems treated (past 90) n.s. n.s. n.s. -.15 ***
Body mass index (BMI) n.s. n.s. .08 * n.s.
% HIV positive n.s. n.s. n.s. -.07 *
% Hepatitis C positive n.s. n.s. n.s. .08 *
% TB positive n.s. n.s. n.s. -.11 **
% pregnant -.07 * -.08 * n.s. n.s.
Access to care
% uninsured (past 90 .16 *** n.s. n.s. -.10 **
% having usual source care – medical n.s. -.10 * -.13 ** n.s.
% having usual place care – medical n.s. .24 *** .08 * .20 ***
Healthcare providers
% having usual treater - medical n.s. .10 ** .10 ** n.s.
Trust in physician scale (1-5) n.s. .14 * n.s. n.s.
No. preventive procedures (past yr) (0-14/16) n.s. n.s. n.s. -.10 **
% of preventive procs recv’d. (past yr) (0-1) n.s. n.s. n.s. -.10 **
Health behaviors
Eating fatty foods (1-3) n.s. n.s. -.12 ** n.s.
Exercising (1-4) .09 * .10 ** .12 ** .11 **
Breast self-examination (1-3) n.s. -.25 ** n.s. -.25 **
Mental health
BSI - depression, anxiety & psychotic sub-scales (0-4)   n.s. n.s. .13 ** n.s.
% ever told has schizophrenia n.s. n.s. .18 *** n.s.
% ever told has other psychotic disorder n.s. -.09 * n.s. n.s.
% ever told has major depression n.s. -.08 * n.s. n.s.
% ever told has bipolar disorder n.s. -.09 * n.s. n.s.
% ever told has anxiety disorder n.s. -.09 * n.s. -.09 *
% ever told has other mental health problem n.s. n.s. n.s. .08 *
Sum of mental health diagnoses (ever told) n.s. -.12 ** n.s. n.s.
% of mental health dx treated (past 90) (0-1) n.s. -.11 * n.s. n.s.
SF12 - mental (0-100) n.s. -.08 * -.08 * n.s.
% ever hospitalized for psychiatric problem .08 * n.s. .10 ** n.s.
% ever taken meds for psychiatric problem n.s. n.s. .10 ** n.s.
Substance use
% treated for alcohol dependency (past 90) n.s. n.s. .12 * n.s.
% treated for drug dependency (past 90) n.s. n.s. .11 * n.s.
No. days drunk (0-30) n.s. n.s. n.s. .11 **
% used any illicit drugs n.s. n.s. n.s. -.10 **
ASI – drug n.s. n.s. n.s. -.09 *
% has primary treater for mh or sa problems n.s. n.s. n.s. .12 **
Sum mh & sa diagnoses (0-11) n.s. -.10 ** n.s. n.s.
% with mh or sa problem having primary treater n.s. n.s. n.s. .11 **
Use of services
No. mh outpatient visits (past 90) .09 * n.s. .11 ** n.s.
No. total outpatient visits (all kinds) n.s. n.s. .11 ** n.s.
% recvd vocational rehabilitation (past 90) n.s. -.10 ** -.11 ** n.s.
% recvd housing services (past 90) n.s. n.s. -.08 * n.s.
% recvd educational services (past 90) n.s. -.08 * n.s. -.08 *
% recvd crisis intervention services (past 90) n.s. n.s. .12 ** -.16 ***
Sum of supportive svcs recvd (past 90) (0-7) n.s. -.09 * n.s. -.11 **
% recvd food from soup kitchen, food pantry .08 * n.s. n.s. n.s.
Service use costs (quarterly)
Medical/dental services .08 * n.s. n.s. n.s.
Mental health/SA services n.s. n.s. .12 ** n.s.
Total costs .07 * n.s. .08 * n.s.
   Inpatient costs n.s. n.s. .07 * n.s.
   Outpatient costs n.s. n.s. .09 * n.s.
Case management
No case managers (4-level) (past 90) n.s. -.08 * n.s. -.09 *
% having primary case manager n.s. n.s. .09 * -.12 **
% received community visit by c/m (past 90) -.13 ** -.18 *** n.s. -.12 **
% recvd c/m for housing (past 90) n.s. n.s. -.09 * n.s.
% recvd c/m for physical health (past 90) n.s. n.s. .11 ** -.12 **
% recvd c/m for mental health (past 90) n.s. n.s. .11 ** n.s.
% recvd c/m for substance abuse (past 90) n.s. n.s. .10 ** -.08 *
Total no. service providers (past 90) .12 ** n.s. .09 * n.s.
Coordination of services scale (past 90) (0-2) n.s. n.s. n.s. .14 **
Community adjustment
No. days in jail (past 90) n.s. n.s. .11 ** n.s.
Social support (0-10) n.s. -.18 *** n.s. -.12 **
Religious faith scale (0-3) -.08 * -.12 ** n.s. n.s.
% living in own place (apart, room, house) .18 *** .08 * .14 *** -.13 ***
% with SA problem recvd any SA treatment n.s. .10 * .22 *** n.s.
% with mh problem recvd any mh treatment n.s. n.s. n.s. -.13 **
Fidelity
Overall services integration (0-1) .10 ** .10 ** n.s. -.09 *
* p<.05     ** p<.01     *** p<.001

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