Supplemental Poverty Measure Brief: 2009-2012. Change in Poverty by Residence

11/21/2013

Figure 8a. Poverty Rate by Residence, 2009–2012        
  In principal cities Official Suburban Official Outside metro areas Official In principal cities SPM Suburban SPM Outside metro areas SPM  
2009 18.7 11.0 16.6 19.6 13.1 13.5  
2010 19.8 11.9 16.6 20.9 13.9 12.8  
2011 20.1 11.4 17.1 21.6 13.4 13.4  
2012 19.8 11.3 17.9 21.1 13.4 13.9  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.    

 

 

 

Figure 8b. SPM Poverty Rate by Residence, 2009 and 2012      
  In principal cities Suburban Outside metro area  
2009 19.6 13.1 13.5  
2012 21.1 13.4 13.9  
 
Figure 8c.  Number of SPM Poor by Residence, 2009 and 2012 (in millions)  
  In principal cities Suburban  Outside metro area  
2009 19.2 20.8 6.5  
2012 21.4 21.7 6.7  

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.  

 

 

From 2009 to 2012 the Supplemental Poverty Rate increased by 0.7 percentage points for all persons. The SPM poverty rate increased somewhat more for adults ages 18-64, African American or Black persons, persons in female-headed and male-headed families, residents in the Northeast, and those living in cities. The SPM poverty rate decreased from 2009 to 2012 for adults ages 65 and older and for Asians.

Table 1.Supplemental Poverty Rates for Selected Demographics, 2009 and 2012

Table 1.Supplemental Poverty Rates for Selected Demographics, 2009 and 2012

 
 

2009                 SPM           Poverty Rate

2012                     SPM          Poverty Rate

Difference

 

Total Population

15.3

16.0

0.7

 

Age

       

Under 18

17.3

18.0

0.7

 

18-64 years

14.4

15.5

1.1

 

65+ years

15.5

14.8

-0.7

 

Race and Ethnicity

       

Hispanic

27.6

27.8

0.2

 

White non-Hispanic

10.5

10.7

0.2

 

Black

23.4

25.8

2.4

 

Asian

18.0

16.7

-1.3

 

Family Type

       

Married family

9.5

10.0

0.5

 

Femaled-headed

27.9

28.9

1.0

 

Male-headed

21.9

23.1

1.2

 

Region

 

     

Northeast

13.7

15.5

1.8

 

Midwest

12.1

12.4

0.3

 

South

15.8

16.3

0.5

 

West

18.7

19.0

0.3

 

Residence

 

     

Metropolitan Area

15.6

16.4

0.8

 

City

19.6

21.1

1.5

 

Suburban

13.1

13.4

0.3

 

Rural

13.5

13.9

0.4

 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

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